ERIC Number: ED021335
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Dissatisfaction with College and the College Dropout: A Transactional Approach. Final Report.
Pervin, Lawrence A.
Based upon the rationale that human behavior can be best understood in terms of the interaction between the individual and the environment, student dissatisfaction with college and probability of dropping out of college were measured by administering a self-scaling instrument called TAPE (Transactional Analysis of Personality and Environment) to 3,728 students in 21 colleges across the country. The study demonstrated TAPE's utility for analysis in three areas: (1) Similarities and differences among colleges, (2) sources of strain within a college, and (3) sources of stress for individual students. Utilizing semantic differential techniques, TAPE required that six concepts be judged on 52 scales: College, self, students, faculty, administration, and ideal college. For each college these ratings were correlated with six satisfaction items: Thinking of dropping out for nonacademic reasons, similarity of values to the faculty, agreement with administrative rules and regulations, feeling out of place at the college, academic satisfaction, and nonacademic satisfaction. A three-mode factor analysis of the data is explained and the study's implications are outlined for selection of a college and for regarding the college as a social system. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Princeton Univ., NJ.