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ERIC Number: ED021250
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Playfulness and Nonplayfulness in High-School Students: Trait Composition and Educational Implications.
Lieberman, J.N.
The identification, measurement, and composition of playfulness (pf) and its complementary trait, nonplayfulness (nonpf), as well as the influence of sex, age, grade, and subject matter area on this behavior is the focus of this research. High school students representing above average, average, below average, and heterogeneous achievement levels were evaluated on a rating scale for pf-nonpf by their teachers who used their own conceptualization of the traits. There emerged a two-factor syndrome in adolescents as observed in the classroom setting. Factor 1, composed of physical mobility and friendliness, was called "social-emotional playfulness." Factor 2, with its alertness and intellectual curiosity, was labeled "academic playfulness." The latter is more teacher-approved. Shop, English, and modern languages classes tended to have the highest mean of playfulness. Boys were rated more playful than girls. Suggestions for future follow-up include using such behavior correlates for clues to cognitive functioning and learning potential. (PH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, Brooklyn, NY. Brooklyn Coll.