ERIC Number: ED021227
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Feb-1
Reference Count: N/A
Psychological and Associative Meaning in Auditory Recognition.
Tarte, Robert; And Others
In 1964 Tarte, Gadlin, and Ehrlich found a correlation between Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) and associative meaning in an auditory recognition task. This study attempted to replicate the results and examine the critical variables involved. One hundred eighty female college students served as subjects. Each heard ten accelerated words followed by an interval of .2, 2, or 20 seconds and then a single word at normal speed. The task was to indicate whether or not the test words had been in the list of accelerated words, and how certain the subject was. The test word correlated with one of the ten accelerated words in one of the following ways: (1) correct--actually a word from the list, (2) semantic--high semantic relatedness, (3) phonetic--rhyming with one of the accelerated words, (4) wrong--not related in any ascertainable manner. Each subject received 24 separate trials. There were five different conditions for the accelerated items, ranging from normal (two words per second) to double compressed (four words per second). GSR was used as a measure of arousal and was recorded throughout the session. Two major effects were observed: (1) the measure of certainty varied consistently across all conditions with subjects most certain in the correct condition and least certain in the wrong condition, and (2) GSR deflections increased as the delay interval increased. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.