ERIC Number: ED021223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Feb-1
Reference Count: N/A
Association, Syntax, and Instructions in Sentence Recall.
Ninety-six subjects were assigned randomly to eight groups of 12 subjects. The independent variables were (1) controlled association strength between groups of words within a string (high association [HA] versus low association [LA]), (2) syntactic structure (grammatical [G] versus ungrammatical [U] strings), and (3) instructions (ordered learning and recall [O] versus free learning and recall [F]). Each subject received four study-test trials on a 21-word string. On a measure of serial recall, the HA condition was superior to the LA condition; the G condition was superior to the U condition; and the O condition was superior to the F condition. Association and grammatical structure interacted significantly, indicating that the effect of associative strength was greater for G than for U strings. On a measure of total word recall without regard for serial constraint, recall of HA words was superior to recall of LA words; recall of words from G strings was superior to recall of words from U strings; but the main effect of Instructions was not significant. There was significant interaction between grammatical structure and learning-recall instructions (grammatical structure facilitated O recall more than F recall ). These results suggest that there are limiting factors on the facilitating effects of grammatical structure and associative strength on sentence recall. (Author/DO)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.