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ERIC Number: ED016831
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Pages: 169
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A COMPARISON OF TWO METHODS OF TEACHING CONCEPTS ABOUT THE PLASTICS INDUSTRY FOR INDUSTRIAL ARTS EDUCATION. FINAL REPORT.
STEELE, GERALD L.
THE OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO COMPARE EDUCATIONAL TOYS AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL NONPRODUCING MOCKUPS WITH COMMERCIAL PLASTICS PROCESSING EQUIPMENT FOR RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING PLASTIC CONCEPTS, AND TO COMPARE THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF THESE TWO METHODS IN DEVELOPING MANUAL DEXTERITY. TREATMENT A (EDUCATIONAL TOYS AND MOCKUPS) WAS GIVEN TO 77 BOYS AND TREATMENT B (COMMERCIAL EQUIPMENT) WAS GIVEN TO 74 BOYS FROM TWO JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. STUDENTS IN BOTH GROUPS WERE DIVIDED INTO THREE ABILITY LEVELS ON THE BASIS OF THEIR SCORES ON THE IOWA TEST OF BASIC SKILLS. EACH TREATMENT CONSISTED OF 4 HOURS DEVOTED TO GENERAL TOPICS, 4 HOURS OF DEMONSTRATIONS, AND 12 HOURS OF STUDY AND PRACTICE ON THE EQUIPMENT. A 116-ITEM TEST DEVELOPED TO EVALUATE PLASTICS KNOWLEDGE, COMPREHENSION, AND APPLICATION WAS ADMINISTERED THREE TIMES TO DETERMINE PRIOR LEARNING, INITIAL LEARNING, AND RETENTION. SOME OF THE CONCLUSIONS WERE--(1) PRIOR KNOWLEDGE OF PLASTICS WAS NOT SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT BETWEEN THE GROUPS RECEIVING DIFFERENT TREATMENTS, (2) THERE WAS NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE IN DEVELOPING MANUAL DEXTERITY BETWEEN TREATMENTS OR AMONG ABILITY LEVELS, (3) RETENTION OF PLASTICS KNOWLEDGE WAS SIGNIFICANTLY DIFFERENT BETWEEN TREATMENTS IN FAVOR OF COMMERCIAL EQUIPMENT, AND (4) ON THE BASIS OF PRETEST AND POSTTEST SCORES THERE WAS A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE OF PLASTICS KNOWLEDGE EXCEPT FOR THE LOW ABILITY GROUP IN ONE SCHOOL IN TREATMENT A. THE TOTAL PROGRAM SEEMED EFFECTIVE, AND THE PLASTICS TEST SEEMED SUFFICIENTLY SENSITIVE TO MEASURE INITIAL LEARNING AND RETENTION. THE ITEMS IN THE TEST EVALUATION PROCEDURE, INCLUDING THE ORIGINAL TEST ITEMS, THE REVISED TEST, A SUGGESTED EQUIPMENT LIST, A SAMPLE COURSE OUTLINE AND UNIT, SPECIAL REPORTS ON THE PLASTICS PROGRAM, REFERENCES, AND LETTERS OF EVALUATION ARE INCLUDED. (EM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota; Minnesota (Minneapolis)