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ERIC Number: ED002511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
OBJECTIVES AND PROCESSES OF SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING.
SIZEMORE, MAMIE
THE OBJECTIVES OF SECOND LANGUAGE TEACHING, AND SPECIFIC DIRECTIONS FOR PRESENTING AND DRILLING STRUCTURES BY THE USE OF CERTAIN GESTURES, WERE PRESENTED. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR CONCENTRATING EFFORTS ON THE ESSENTIALS OF LANGUAGE LEARNING REVOLVED AROUND AN EMPHASIS ON THE TEACHING OF THE LANGUAGE ITSELF RATHER THAN ABOUT ITS HISTORY, VOCABULARY, LITERATURE, LITERARY FORMS, AND WRITING SYSTEM. THE BASIS OF LEARNING A LANGUAGE WAS DEFINED AS THE ABILITY TO RESPOND TO SITUATIONS BY SAYING APPROPRIATE THINGS IN IT, TO UNDERSTAND WHAT OTHERS SAY IN IT, AND, ULTIMATELY, TO READ AND WRITE IT. PATTERNS OF PRONUNCIATION AND OF HEARING AND GRAMMAR PATTERNS WERE SAID TO CONSTITUTE THE REAL DIFFICULTIES OF THE BEGINNING LANGUAGE LEARNER. TO TEACH THEM, THE TEACHER WAS ADVISED TO EMPHASIZE CONSTANT DRILL AND TO UTILIZE ONLY ENOUGH VOCABULARY TO MAKE SUCH DRILL POSSIBLE. SPECIFIC GESTURES WERE SUGGESTED TO INDICATE NUMBER AND GENDER OF ALL PRONOUNS AND TO INDICATE "THIS" AND "THAT." USES OF THE GESTURES IN THE TEACHING SITUATION FOR GENERAL PRESENTATION AND DRILLING, FOR REINFORCEMENT OF CONCEPTS, FOR IMITATING OR COPYING THE TEACHER'S ACTIONS AND SENTENCE PATTERNS, WERE ELABORATED UPON AND WERE APPLIED IN SOME EXAMPLES. GESTURES WERE ALSO RECOMMENDED BECAUSE THEY ENABLED PRESENTATION TO BE UNDERSTOOD WITHOUT EXPLANATION, ENSURED THE UNDIVIDED ATTENTION OF THE CLASS, ENABLED THE TEACHER TO ORGANIZE STUDENTS' SPEECH ACTIVITY DURING DRILL WHILE REMAINING SILENT, AND FACILITATED THE ELIMINATION OF TIME-CONSUMING DIRECTIONS ONCE THEY WERE WELL-KNOWN BY THE CLASS.
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Dept. of Public Instruction, Phoenix.
Identifiers - Location: Arizona (Phoenix)