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Tanenbaum, Courtney; Boyle, Andrea; Soga, Kay; Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Golden, Laura; Petroccia, Megan; Toplitz, Michele; Taylor, James; O'Day, Jennifer – Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education, 2012
The federal government has had a long-standing commitment to ensuring access of English Learner (EL) students to a meaningful education. As early as 1968, the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA") contained provisions for supporting the education of EL students and in its 1974 landmark decision, "Lau v.…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Academic Achievement, Second Language Learning
Cook, Gary; Linquanti, Robert; Chinen, Marjorie; Jung, Hyekyung – Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education, 2012
The "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"), as amended by the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" inaugurated important changes in assessment and accountability for English Learner (EL) students. Specifically, Title III of the law required states to develop or adopt English-language proficiency (ELP)…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Proficiency, English Language Learners, Federal Legislation
Cook, Gary; Linquanti, Robert; Chinen, Marjorie; Jung, Hyekyung – Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education, 2012
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 inaugurated important changes in assessment and accountability for English Learner (EL) students. Specifically, Title III of the law required states to develop or adopt English-language proficiency (ELP) standards aligned with language demands of…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Civil Rights Legislation