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Meyer, M. L.; Salimpoor, V. N.; Wu, S. S.; Geary, D. C.; Menon, V. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2010
The contribution of the three core components of working memory (WM) to the development of mathematical skills in young children is poorly understood. The relation between specific WM components and Numerical Operations, which emphasize computation and fact retrieval, and Mathematical Reasoning, which emphasizes verbal problem solving abilities in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Skills, Grade 3
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McMullen, Jake; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna M.; Lehtinen, Erno – Cognition and Instruction, 2014
While preschool-aged children display some skills with quantitative relations, later learning of related fraction concepts is difficult for many students. We present two studies that investigate young children's tendency of Spontaneous Focusing On quantitative Relations (SFOR), which may help explain individual differences in the development of…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Individual Differences, Arithmetic, Case Studies
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McMullen, Jake; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna M.; Laakkonen, Eero; Lehtinen, Erno – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Many people have serious difficulties in understanding rational numbers, limiting their ability to interpret and make use of them in modern daily life. This also leads to later difficulties in learning more advanced mathematical content. In this study, novel tasks are used to measure 263 late primary school students' spontaneous focusing on…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mathematical Concepts, Elementary School Students, Predictor Variables
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LeFevre, Jo-Anne; Berrigan, Lindsay; Vendetti, Corrie; Kamawar, Deepthi; Bisanz, Jeffrey; Skwarchuk, Sheri-Lynn; Smith-Chant, Brenda L. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2013
We examined the role of executive attention, which encompasses the common aspects of executive function and executive working memory, in children's acquisition of two aspects of mathematical skill: (a) knowledge of the number system (e.g., place value) and of arithmetic procedures (e.g., multi-digit addition) and (b) arithmetic fluency (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Number Concepts, Number Systems, Executive Function
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Manfra, Louis; Squires, Christina; Dinehart, Laura H. B.; Bleiker, Charles; Hartman, Suzanne C.; Winsler, Adam – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The present study was designed to explore the association between preschool academic skills and Grade 3 achievement among a sample of ethnically diverse children from low-income families. Data were collected from a sample of 1,442 low-income, ethnically diverse children in preschool and associated with Grade 3 achievement in reading and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Writing (Composition), Writing Skills
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Hasenäcker, Jana; Schröter, Pauline; Schroeder, Sascha – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
The developmental trajectory of the use of morphemes is still unclear. We investigated the emergence of morphological effects on visual word recognition in German in a large sample across the complete course of reading acquisition in elementary school. To this end, we analyzed lexical decision data on a total of 1,152 words and pseudowords from a…
Descriptors: Morphemes, German, Morphology (Languages), Word Recognition
Park, Jong-Hyo – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2006
In a sample of 244 first graders, we identified four subtypes of children based on multi-informant measures of victimization by peers and aggression toward peers: aggressive victims (AV), non-victimized aggressors, non-aggressive victims, and non-aggressive, non-victimized (i.e., normative) children. We examined the differences between the…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Bullying, Aggression, Teaching Experience
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Raver, C. Cybele; McCoy, Dana Charles; Lowenstein, Amy E.; Pess, Rachel – Developmental Science, 2013
The present longitudinal study tested the roles of early childhood executive control (EC) as well as exposure to poverty-related adversity at family and school levels as key predictors of low-income children's EC in elementary school ("n" = 391). Findings suggest that children's EC difficulties in preschool and lower family income from…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Executive Function, Low Income Groups, Poverty
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Bumgarner, Erin; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2013
Accumulating evidence suggests that children's approaches to learning (ATL) at kindergarten entry predict their academic achievement years later. However, the gains associated with ATL may be diminished for Hispanic immigrant children, many of whom are English language learners (ELLs). We tested whether ATL predicted math scores in a sample of…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Kindergarten, Second Language Learning, English Language Learners
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Goossens, Lien; Braet, Caroline; Van Durme, Kim; Decaluwe, Veerle; Bosmans, Guy – Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 2012
The present study examined the role of attachment toward mother and father as a predictor of eating pathology and weight gain among preadolescent boys and girls. Self-report questionnaires and adjusted body mass index (BMI) were administered from a community sample of 601 preadolescents (8-11 years; 48% female) at baseline and once again 1 year…
Descriptors: Eating Disorders, Parent Child Relationship, Preadolescents, Body Composition
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Swanson, H. Lee – Topics in Language Disorders, 2017
The purpose of this cohort sequential study was to extend previously reported latent transition analyses conducted by Swanson, Kudo, and Guzman-Orth (2016) by determining the role of cognitive measures in identifying English learners (EL) at risk for late emerging reading disabilities (LERD). To this end, EL students (N = 450) in Grades 1, 2, and…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities
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Nigro, Luciana; Jiménez-Fernández, Gracia; Simpson, Ian C.; Defior, Sylvia – Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 2015
Some research on literacy acquisition suggests that implicit learning processes may be related to reading and writing proficiency in English, which is a deep orthography. However, little research has been done to determine if the same is true in shallow orthographies. Here, we investigated whether the implicit learning ability of third grade…
Descriptors: Orthographic Symbols, Learning Processes, Language Proficiency, Reading Ability
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Gottfried, Michael A.; Sublett, Cameron – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: The age at which children can enter kindergarten continues to be discussed in both educational research and practice, and the debate for whether to increase kindergarten entry age remains active on both sides. A critical oversight has been the lack of attention paid towards entry age for those students who begin school with a…
Descriptors: School Entrance Age, Kindergarten, Disabilities, Children
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Jocson, Rosanne M.; Alampay, Liane Pena; Lansford, Jennifer E. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2012
The relations of education, authoritarian child-rearing attitudes, and endorsement of corporal punishment to Filipino parents' reported use of corporal punishment were examined using two waves of data. Structured interviews using self-report questionnaires were conducted with 117 mothers and 98 fathers from 120 families when their children were 8…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Mothers, Child Rearing, Interviews
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Hirvonen, Riikka; Georgiou, George K.; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Journal of Research in Reading, 2010
The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to examine the effect of task-focused behaviour on reading fluency, spelling and comprehension; and (b) to examine the role of the different literacy skills in subsequent task-focused behaviour. Two hundred and seven Finnish-speaking children were followed from preschool until their fourth year at school…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Spelling, Reading Fluency, Literacy
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