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Showing 1 to 15 of 19 results Save | Export
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Blair, Clancy; Raver, C. Cybele – Developmental Psychology, 2012
In this article, we contrast evolutionary and psychobiological models of individual development to address the idea that individual development occurring in prototypically risky and unsupportive environments can be understood as adaptation. We question traditional evolutionary explanations of individual development, calling on the principle of…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Physiology, Caregivers, Evolution
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Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne – Developmental Psychology, 2015
The relation of self-regulation measured prior to school entry to developing math and reading ability in prekindergarten through the second grade was examined in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly rural and low-income communities in 2 regions of high poverty in the United States. Direct assessments of…
Descriptors: Self Control, Metacognition, Measures (Individuals), Family Characteristics
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Ursache, Alexandra; Blair, Clancy; Stifter, Cynthia; Voegtline, Kristin – Developmental Psychology, 2013
The relation of observed emotional reactivity and regulation in infancy to executive function in early childhood was examined in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children from predominantly low-income and rural communities. Children participated in a fear eliciting task at ages 7, 15, and 24 months and completed an executive function…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Rural Areas, Executive Function, Infants
Cramer, Travis; Morris, Pamela; Blair, Clancy – Grantee Submission, 2019
This study evaluates how teacher report measures align with different conceptualizations of children's social-emotional development. Leveraging seven teacher report measures of social competence and behavioral regulation in a predominantly low-income, population-based rural sample of four-year-old children (n = 828), model fit and validity were…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Child Development, Interpersonal Competence
Blair, Clancy – 2003
Self-regulation of behavior generally refers to controlled, cognitive monitoring of the actions and steps required to obtain a goal, or to bring about a desired response from the environment. Age-related changes in self-regulation as well as individual differences at a given age or developmental stage play fundamental roles in shaping children's…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Classroom Environment, Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education
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Raver, C. Cybele; Blair, Clancy – Future of Children, 2016
In this article, Cybele Raver and Clancy Blair explore a group of cognitive processes called executive function (EF)--including the flexible control of attention, the ability to hold information through working memory, and the ability to maintain inhibitory control. EF processes are crucial for young children's learning. On the one hand, they can…
Descriptors: Attention, Short Term Memory, Inhibition, Executive Function
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Blair, Clancy; Kuzawa, Christopher W.; Willoughby, Michael T. – Developmental Science, 2020
A well-established literature demonstrates executive function (EF) deficits in obese children and adults relative to healthy weight comparisons. EF deficits in obesity are associated with overeating and impulsive consumption of high calorie foods leading to excess weight gain and to problems with metabolic regulation and low-grade inflammation…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Child Development, Body Composition, Obesity
Blair, Clancy – 2003
Self-regulation of behavior generally refers to controlled, cognitive monitoring of the actions and steps required to obtain a goal, or to bring about a desired response from the environment. Age-related changes in self-regulation as well as individual differences at a given age or developmental stage play fundamental roles in shaping children's…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Classroom Environment, Cognitive Development, Early Childhood Education
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McKinnon, Rachel D.; Blair, Clancy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Teacher-child relationships have been linked to children's classroom engagement and to academic achievement. However, researchers have paid minimal attention to individual child factors that predict the development of these relationships. In the current study, we examined executive function (EF) prior to school entry as a predictor of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Executive Function
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Raver, C. Cybele; Blair, Clancy; Willoughby, Michael – Developmental Psychology, 2013
In a predominantly low-income, population-based longitudinal sample of 1,259 children followed from birth, results suggest that chronic exposure to poverty and the strains of financial hardship were each uniquely predictive of young children's performance on measures of executive functioning. Results suggest that temperament-based vulnerability…
Descriptors: Performance Factors, Executive Function, Poverty, Young Children
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Neuenschwander, Regula; Friedman-Krauss, Allison; Raver, Cybele; Blair, Clancy – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: Recent research has explored relations between classroom quality and child executive function (EF), but little is known about how teachers' well-being, including stress, relates to child EF--a crucial component of self-regulation. We hypothesized that teacher stress is negatively or curvilinearly related to child EF and…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Prediction, Stress Variables, Executive Function
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Blair, Clancy; Raver, C. Cybele – American Psychologist, 2012
The authors examine the effects of poverty-related adversity on child development, drawing upon psychobiological principles of experiential canalization and the biological embedding of experience. They integrate findings from research on stress physiology, neurocognitive function, and self-regulation to consider adaptive processes in response to…
Descriptors: Physiology, Child Development, Poverty, Disadvantaged Youth
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Blair, Clancy; Razza, Rachel Peters – Child Development, 2007
This study examined the role of self-regulation in emerging academic ability in one hundred and forty-one 3- to 5-year-old children from low-income homes. Measures of effortful control, false belief understanding, and the inhibitory control and attention-shifting aspects of executive function in preschool were related to measures of math and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Academic Ability, Reading Ability, Inhibition
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Blair, Clancy; Granger, Douglas; Razza, Rachel Peters – Child Development, 2005
This study examined relations among cortisol reactivity and measures of cognitive function and social behavior in 4- to 5-year-old children (N=169) attending Head Start. Saliva samples for the assay of cortisol were collected at the beginning, middle, and end of an approximately 45-min testing session. Moderate increase in cortisol followed by…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Cognitive Processes, Self Control, Knowledge Level
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Blair, Clancy – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2010
The relation of stress hormones and activity in stress response systems to the development of aspects of cognition and behavior important for educational achievement and attainment is examined from the perspective of the developmental psychobiological model. It is proposed that research in neuroendocrinology supports three general conclusions,…
Descriptors: Stress Management, Teaching Methods, Biochemistry, Schemata (Cognition)
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