How Does ERIC Define Peer Review?
ERIC recognizes the following types of peer review:
- Blind, or Anonymous Peer Review — Content is reviewed by external reviewers and the author's identity is unknown to the reviewer. A double-blind peer-review process is where both the reviewer and the author remain anonymous throughout the process.
- Expert Peer Review — Content is reviewed by internal or external reviewers, and the author's identity may or may not be known to the reviewer.
A peer-review process employing at least two reviewers with scholarly affiliation is preferred.
Internal, editorial reviews and dissertation reviews are not recognized by ERIC as accepted types of peer review.
I thought only journal articles were peer reviewed. Why is a report in ERIC marked as peer reviewed?
We have found that several high-quality, non-journal sources are peer reviewed (like all of the reports published by our parent agency, the Institute of Education Sciences). ERIC assigns the peer-review indicator to records of either journal or non-journal content if they are determined to have been peer reviewed. For more information about how this determination is made, please see the ERIC Selection Policy and the video below.
Do all peer-reviewed journal articles and non-journal materials in ERIC have the peer-reviewed flag?
The peer-review indicator has been assigned to peer-reviewed journal records in ERIC for several years. The policy to add this indicator to non-journal materials was adopted in January 2016. It is being applied to currently indexed content and to previously indexed materials that are specifically identified as peer reviewed by the provider.
Can I search for peer-reviewed journal articles only?
Yes. Please check the "Peer reviewed only" filter when you conduct a search, then click the "Journal Articles" publication type in the left column of the results page.
I am going to submit a paper that has been peer reviewed using ERIC's online submission system. Can this be marked as peer reviewed on the ERIC record?
Yes. Any material received through the online submission system may be marked as peer reviewed if evidence of a recognized peer-review process is provided. The document submitted must have an explanation of the peer-review process in the front matter, or the author may submit a URL to the publisher or conference website that outlines the peer-review process.
I submitted a paper to ERIC's online submission system last year that was peer reviewed Can I apply for the peer-review indicator be added to the ERIC record?
No. The peer-review indicator is being added to new online submissions from individuals going forward.
Our association is under agreement with ERIC and our papers go through a peer-review process. How can the peer-review indicator be added to our ERIC records?
A representative from your organization may download and fill out this application. The peer-review designation may be assigned to ERIC records for all of your content, or for a specific series or type of publication. If your application is approved, you will receive a countersigned form. If not approved, you will receive an email response.
Our peer-review application was approved, and the peer-review indicator is being added to new ERIC records. Can this indicator be added to the older ERIC records for similar material?
Yes. After a publisher's application is approved, a publisher representative may submit a list of ERIC numbers for their previously indexed work that qualifies for the peer-review indicator.