This study assessed Alcoholics Anonymous (Al-Anon) participation as a factor in stress of wives of alcoholics. Additional data focused on attitude and behavior variables. Two groups of 20 subjects each were enlisted from Al-Anon, personal contacts, treatment centers, and referrals in three urban areas in the southeastern United States. Group A wives were not members of Al-Anon, and Group B wives had been members for the past year or longer. Data were obtained from the Stress Audit and a questionnaire specifically designed for the study. Analysis of variance determined that Al-Anon wives were significantly less vulnerable to stress and were significantly less stressed in family situations than were non Al-Anon wives. Significant differences were also found within and between groups as a function of age, education, and status as adult children of alcoholics. Findings suggest that Al-Anon participation significantly reduces vulnerability to stress, stress from family situations, and the use of maladaptive coping behavior. (References are included.) (TE)
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Counseling and Development (Cincinnati, OH, March 16-19, 1990).