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Nelson, Annabelle; Cordova, David; Walters, Andrew S.; Szecsy, Elsie – Journal of Adolescent Research, 2016
Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by HIV, but researchers have documented few programs to prevent and reduce HIV risk. The Storytelling for Empowerment (SFE) "HIV StoryBook" was designed with an innovative ecodevelopment approach combining empowerment, family communication, and positive cultural identity. A mixed method…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Adolescents, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention
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Grossman, Cynthia I.; Purcell, David W.; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Veniegas, Rosemary – American Psychologist, 2013
Despite advances in HIV prevention and care, African Americans and Latino Americans remain at much higher risk of acquiring HIV, are more likely to be unaware of their HIV-positive status, are less likely to be linked to and retained in care, and are less likely to have suppressed viral load than are Whites. The first National HIV/AIDS Strategy…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Intervention
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Wyatt, Gail E.; Gomez, Cynthia A.; Hamilton, Alison B.; Valencia-Garcia, Dellanira; Gant, Larry M.; Graham, Charles E. – American Psychologist, 2013
This article articulates a contextualized understanding of gender and ethnicity as interacting social determinants of HIV risk and acquisition, with special focus on African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos--2 ethnic groups currently at most risk for HIV/AIDS acquisition in the United States. First, sex and gender are defined. Second, a conceptual…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Ethnicity, Gender Issues
Copen, Casey E.; Chandra, Anjani; Febo-Vazquez, Isaedmarie – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015
In 2011, more than 1 million Americans aged 13 and over were living with HIV infection, and one in seven did not know their infection status. Routine, voluntary HIV testing is a recognized way to reduce HIV transmission. Using data from the 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), this report updates nationally representative estimates…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Diagnostic Tests, National Surveys, Trend Analysis
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Sun, Christina J.; Reboussin, Beth; Mann, Lilli; Garcia, Manuel; Rhodes, Scott D. – Health Education & Behavior, 2016
The use of websites and GPS-based mobile applications ("apps") designed for social and sexual networking has been associated with increased HIV risk; however, little is known about Latino sexual minorities' and transgender persons' use of these websites and apps and the risk profiles of those who use them compared with those who do not.…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Hispanic Americans, Homosexuality
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Aronson, Ian David; Rajan, Sonali; Marsch, Lisa A.; Bania, Theodore C. – Health Education & Behavior, 2014
The current study examines predictors of HIV test acceptance among emergency department patients who received an educational video intervention designed to increase HIV testing. A total of 202 patients in the main treatment areas of a high-volume, urban hospital emergency department used inexpensive netbook computers to watch brief educational…
Descriptors: Patients, Screening Tests, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Predictor Variables
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Morrison, Sharon D.; Sudha, S.; Herrera, Samantha; Ruiz, Carolina; Thomas, Emma – Health Education Journal, 2016
Objective: Comprehensive information on the facilitators of HIV testing in Latino women (Latinas) in the Southeastern USA is lacking. Efforts to rectify this should include Latina perspectives on the issue. This study aimed to (1) solicit Latina perspectives using qualitative methodology and (2) characterise enablers of HIV testing follow-through.…
Descriptors: Hispanic Americans, Females, Health Behavior, Diagnostic Tests
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Leonard, Noelle R.; Rajan, Sonali; Gwadz, Marya V.; Aregbesola, Temi – Health Education & Behavior, 2014
The heightened level of risk for HIV infection among Black and Latino young men who have sex with men (YMSM) is driven by multilevel influences. Using cross-sectional data, we examined HIV testing patterns among urban YMSM of color in a high-HIV seroprevalence area (ages 16 to 21 years). Self-reported frequency of testing was high, with 42% of…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), At Risk Persons, African Americans, Hispanic Americans
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Brockenbrough, Ed – Urban Education, 2016
Although recent attention to homophobic bullying in American K-12 schools has increased public concern over the plight of queer students, it has also fallen short of addressing a range of dilemmas facing urban queer youth of color, whose needs extend beyond protection from homophobic victimization. Drawing upon an ethnographic study of an HIV/AIDS…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Youth, Homosexuality, African Americans
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Murray, Ashley; Ellis, Monica U.; Castellanos, Ted; Gaul, Zaneta; Sutton, Madeline Y.; Sneed, Carl D. – Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 2014
We examined approaches used by African-American mothers and mothers of Latino descent for informal sex-related discussions with their children to inform sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV intervention development efforts. We recruited mothers (of children aged 12-15) from youth service agencies and a university in southern California.…
Descriptors: African Americans, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Hispanic Americans
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Bowden, W. Patrick; Rhodes, Scott D.; Wilkin, Aimee M.; Jolly, Christine P. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2006
Latinos in the United States have been disproportionately affected by the intersecting epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. Using a community-based participatory research approach to problem identification, the objective of this study is to explore sociocultural determinants of HIV/AIDS risk and service use among immigrant Latino…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Medical Services, Misconceptions, Identification
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Rasberry, Catherine N.; Morris, Elana; Lesesne, Catherine A.; Kroupa, Elizabeth; Topete, Pablo; Carver, Lisa H.; Robin, Leah – Journal of School Nursing, 2015
Black and Latino young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at disproportionate risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV. This study informs school-centered strategies for connecting YMSM to health services by describing their willingness, perceived safety, and experiences in talking to school staff about sexual health.…
Descriptors: School Nurses, Sexual Orientation, Homosexuality, Questionnaires
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Vega, Miriam Y.; Spieldenner, Andrew R.; DeLeon, Dennis; Nieto, Bolivar X.; Stroman, Carolyn A. – Health Education Research, 2011
Latino gay men face multiple barriers to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, in particular a lack of intervention programs that integrate prevention messages with cultural norms and address issues of social marginalization from multiple communities (gay community and Latino community), homophobia and racism. In order to address these…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Community Leaders, Intervention, Self Efficacy
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Des Jarlais, Don C.; McCarty, Dennis; Vega, William A.; Bramson, Heidi – American Psychologist, 2013
Racial/ethnic disparities in HIV infection, with minority groups typically having higher rates of infection, are a formidable public health challenge. In the United States, among both men and women who inject drugs, HIV infection rates are elevated among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks. A meta-analysis of international research concluded that…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Evidence, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Risk
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Newman, Peter A.; Seiden, Danielle S.; Roberts, Kathleen J.; Kakinami, Lisa; Duan, Naihua – Health Education & Behavior, 2009
Existing knowledge and beliefs related to HIV vaccines provide an important basis for the development of risk communication messages to support future HIV vaccine dissemination. This study explored HIV vaccine mental models among adults from segments of the population disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Nine focus groups were conducted with…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Age, Focus Groups, Immunization Programs
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