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Grossman, Cynthia I.; Purcell, David W.; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Veniegas, Rosemary – American Psychologist, 2013
Despite advances in HIV prevention and care, African Americans and Latino Americans remain at much higher risk of acquiring HIV, are more likely to be unaware of their HIV-positive status, are less likely to be linked to and retained in care, and are less likely to have suppressed viral load than are Whites. The first National HIV/AIDS Strategy…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Intervention
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Wyatt, Gail E.; Gomez, Cynthia A.; Hamilton, Alison B.; Valencia-Garcia, Dellanira; Gant, Larry M.; Graham, Charles E. – American Psychologist, 2013
This article articulates a contextualized understanding of gender and ethnicity as interacting social determinants of HIV risk and acquisition, with special focus on African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos--2 ethnic groups currently at most risk for HIV/AIDS acquisition in the United States. First, sex and gender are defined. Second, a conceptual…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Ethnicity, Gender Issues
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Bowden, W. Patrick; Rhodes, Scott D.; Wilkin, Aimee M.; Jolly, Christine P. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2006
Latinos in the United States have been disproportionately affected by the intersecting epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. Using a community-based participatory research approach to problem identification, the objective of this study is to explore sociocultural determinants of HIV/AIDS risk and service use among immigrant Latino…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Medical Services, Misconceptions, Identification
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Vega, Miriam Y.; Spieldenner, Andrew R.; DeLeon, Dennis; Nieto, Bolivar X.; Stroman, Carolyn A. – Health Education Research, 2011
Latino gay men face multiple barriers to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention, in particular a lack of intervention programs that integrate prevention messages with cultural norms and address issues of social marginalization from multiple communities (gay community and Latino community), homophobia and racism. In order to address these…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Community Leaders, Intervention, Self Efficacy
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Des Jarlais, Don C.; McCarty, Dennis; Vega, William A.; Bramson, Heidi – American Psychologist, 2013
Racial/ethnic disparities in HIV infection, with minority groups typically having higher rates of infection, are a formidable public health challenge. In the United States, among both men and women who inject drugs, HIV infection rates are elevated among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks. A meta-analysis of international research concluded that…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Evidence, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Risk
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Newman, Peter A.; Seiden, Danielle S.; Roberts, Kathleen J.; Kakinami, Lisa; Duan, Naihua – Health Education & Behavior, 2009
Existing knowledge and beliefs related to HIV vaccines provide an important basis for the development of risk communication messages to support future HIV vaccine dissemination. This study explored HIV vaccine mental models among adults from segments of the population disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. Nine focus groups were conducted with…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Age, Focus Groups, Immunization Programs
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Bianchi, Fernanda T.; Reisen, Carol A.; Zea, Maria Cecilia; Poppen, Paul J.; Echeverry, John J. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2006
Latino men who have sex with men are a group at high risk for HIV infection. Much of the research addressing attitudes and behaviors related to HIV among Latinos in the United States has overlooked differences based on nationality. Brazilian immigrants, in particular, are an understudied subgroup of Latinos. This study compared HIV-positive…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Comparative Analysis, Homosexuality, Males
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Lightfoot, Marguerita – American Psychologist, 2012
The World Health Organization estimates that 50% of the 30 million HIV infections worldwide occurred in young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years. In the United States, national statistics estimate that almost 40% of new HIV cases occur in youth ages 13-29 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). Therefore, a focus on preventing…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Young Adults
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Mueller, Trisha E.; Castaneda, Charlene Angel; Sainer, Shannon; Martinez, Donna; Herbst, Jeffrey H.; Wilkes, Aisha L.; Villarruel, Antonia M. – AIDS Education and Prevention, 2009
In the United States, Latino youth experience disproportionately higher rates of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) than non-Latino Whites. As a result, organizations serving Latino youth seek culturally appropriate evidence-based prevention programs that promote sexual abstinence and condom use. "Cuidate" is an efficacious…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Pregnancy
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Bauermeister, Jose A.; Elkington, Katherine; Brackis-Cott, Elizabeth; Dolezal, Curtis; Mellins, Claude Ann – Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 2009
A large proportion of perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) children are becoming adolescents and exploring their sexuality. This study explored the prevalence of sexual behaviors (kissing, touching, engaging in oral sex, or having vaginal/anal intercourse) in a sample of predominantly ethnic minority youths (N = 339; 54.1% Black and 30.4% Latino; 51%…
Descriptors: Prevention, Norms, Sexuality, Peer Groups
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Ritieni, Assunta; Moskowitz, Joel; Tholandi, Maya – Health Education & Behavior, 2008
Misconceptions about HIV/AIDS among Latino adults (N=454) in California were examined using data from a population-based telephone survey conducted in 2000. Common misconceptions concerning modes of HIV transmission included transmission via mosquito or animal bite (64.1%), public facilities (48.3%), or kissing someone on the cheek (24.8%). A…
Descriptors: Income, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Telephone Surveys, Multiple Regression Analysis
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Acevedo, Vanessa – Health & Social Work, 2008
Although the trajectory of the HIV/AIDS epidemic has changed dramatically over the past 25 years, addressing the psychosocial needs of patients living with HIV/AIDS remains vital. Ensuring the effective delivery of services demands that interventions be rooted in cultural competence and aimed at vulnerable populations. This article describes a…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Hispanic Americans, Patients, Cultural Awareness
Alford, Sue, Comp. – Advocates for Youth, 2009
U.S. teen pregnancy and birth rates remain among the highest in the western world. And although Latina teens were the only group to experience a decline in birth rate between 2006 and 2007, they continue to experience the highest rates in most states and across the nation. About half of all Latina teens experience pregnancy before they reach their…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Females, Outreach Programs, Prevention
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Cervantes, Richard; Goldbach, Jeremy; Santos, Susana M. – Journal of Primary Prevention, 2011
A comprehensive approach for providing behavioral health services to youth is becoming increasingly emphasized. Latino youth are at increased risk for substance abuse, mental health concerns, unsafe sexual practices and HIV, and these outcomes have been empirically connected to individual, family and community-based stress. Despite this knowledge,…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Health Services, Substance Abuse, Prevention
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Organista, Kurt C.; Ehrlich, Samantha F. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2008
This article reports on predictors of condom use with casual female sex partners on the part of Latino migrant day laborers in the San Francisco Bay Area. Results come from a secondary analysis of data from a cross-sectional survey using convenience sampling to interview 290 sexually active adult, male, migrant Latino day laborers. Regression…
Descriptors: Spouses, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Laborers, Foreign Countries
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