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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

Showing 1 to 15 of 57 results
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2003
With its definitions of individuals' and employers' rights and obligations, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a mandate and a statement of our moral and ethical values as a culture. Persons with disabilities and employers must apply ADA's "triple standard" of reasonable accommodations for performing essential job functions without undue…
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Adult Education, Adults, Affirmative Action
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2003
A study investigated the influence of information technology (IT) industry-sponsored credentials commonly called IT certifications (ITCs) from both organizational and individual perspectives. Findings indicated that there was increasing acceptance, prevalence, and benefits of ITCs in business and industry. Both executives and employees reported…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Computer Science Education, Costs, Credentials
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2003
In 1970, 55 percent of the US population over age 25 had completed high school or some college and 11 percent had completed 4 or more years of college; by 1999, those figures had reached 83 percent and 25 percent, respectively. A comparison between 1982 and 1992 high school seniors found more completing some postsecondary credits (from 53 percent…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Academic Persistence, Associate Degrees, Bachelors Degrees
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2003
Reauthorization of welfare reform legislation has focused attention on the effectiveness of short-term training as a means for welfare recipients to attain self-sufficiency. Its effects on employment and earnings have been one focus of recent evaluations of federal programs. Although some Job Opportunities and Basic Skills programs produced…
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship, Employment Level
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2003
The purpose of this compilation is to sketch the evolution of the field from vocational education to career-technical education throughout the 20th century in the United States. It includes information and excerpts from a variety of sources, including both original and foundational documents from the early 20th century and more recent histories…
Descriptors: Education Work Relationship, Educational History, Educational Legislation, Educational Philosophy
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
The gold-collar worker has problem-solving abilities, creativity, talent, and intelligence; performs non-repetitive and complex work difficult to evaluate; and prefers self management. Gold-collar information technology workers learn continually from experience; recognize the synergy of teams; can demonstrate leadership; and are strategic thinkers…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Bachelors Degrees, Delivery Systems, Employee Responsibility
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Secondary educators are using ways other than the traditional high school diploma and transcript to communicate students' new and different sets of knowledge and skills to employers. A career passport may be characterized as a formal product or document in which students present the many marketable skills they have developed through their life…
Descriptors: Career Planning, Education Work Relationship, Educational Certificates, Educational Experience
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Proprietary and career schools have long provided postsecondary career and technical education (CTE) as private, for-profit institutions. In recent years, they have been joined at the secondary level by charter schools providing CTE. These issues affect proprietary, career, and charter schools as providers of secondary or postsecondary CTE: the…
Descriptors: Accreditation (Institutions), Achievement Tests, Charter Schools, College Curriculum
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
The career and technical education (CTE) system before Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 has been characterized as traditionally dominated by gender segregation and discrimination. The most damaging consequence of such gender bias is to limit females' access to the benefits of CTE--the living wage that provides females the same economic…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Counseling, Educational Change, Educational Discrimination
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Facts on career academies are provided for local school board members, superintendents, other district administrators, and building administrators. The facts are divided into three categories. The category title or the fact is followed by the numbers of the references on which that category or fact is based. The section called Components of Career…
Descriptors: Academic Education, Attendance, Block Scheduling, Career Academies
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Since 1982, studies have shown statistical evidence that career and technical education (CTE) can play a role in reducing the number of high school dropouts, especially among students who are at high risk of dropping out. Case studies at several High Schools That Work sites showed improvements in retention and graduation at the same time that…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Education, Career Academies, Case Studies
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Recent educational approaches that have career and technical education (CTE) components have integrated work-based learning (WBL) with traditional academics. Among positive effects of the association between WBL and secondary students' educational outcomes are: (1) increased attendance, (2) decreased dropout rates, (3) increased number of academic…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Education, Career Academies, Career Education
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Both face-to-face and distance learning methods are currently being used in adult education and career and technical education. In theory, the advantages of face-to-face and distance learning methods complement each other. In practice, however, both face-to-face and information and communications technology (ICT)-based distance programs often rely…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Conventional Instruction, Definitions, Delivery Systems
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Many states and local districts use career clusters as a means of broadening the focus of secondary education, particularly career and technical education, as preparation for both further education and work. One continuing trend in career clusters is sheer variety. Cluster frameworks vary in the number, nomenclature, and organization of clusters.…
Descriptors: Career Development, Career Education, Career Planning, Education Work Relationship
Wonacott, Michael E. – 2002
Vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies are required partners in the one-stop system mandated by the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA). The following features have long characterized VR: the primary goal of integrated competitive employment for persons with disabilities; state flexibility in VR systems, approaches, and structures; case…
Descriptors: Adult Programs, Agency Cooperation, Annotated Bibliographies, Articulation (Education)
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