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Ward, Thomas B. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2008
Previous studies have shown that a predominant tendency in creative generation tasks is to base new ideas on well-known, specific instances of previous ideas (e.g., basing ideas for imaginary aliens on dogs, cats or bears). However, a substantial minority of individuals has been shown to adopt more abstract approaches to the task and to develop…
Descriptors: Creativity, Individual Differences, Creative Thinking, Creative Activities
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Wickes, Katherine N. Saunders; Ward, Thomas B. – Roeper Review, 2006
This paper examines the structure of implicit theories of creativity in a sample of gifted adolescents and describes the development and use of the Creative Self Checklist and the Creative Individual Checklist, adjective checklists designed to assess endorsement of creativity-related personality and behavioral attributes. Findings indicate that…
Descriptors: Creativity Tests, Check Lists, Adolescents, Academically Gifted
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Ward, Thomas B. – American Psychologist, 2001
Explores the use of conceptual combination in Stephen Donaldson's development of ideas for his fantasy books. Uses Donaldson's own account to illustrate the general principles of a creative cognition approach to understanding creativity and the role of the process of conceptual combination. Assesses links between Donaldson's and others' anecdotal…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Creative Thinking, Creative Writing, Creativity
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Ward, Thomas B.; Saunders, Katherine N.; Dodds, Rebecca A. – Roeper Review, 1999
Fifty-four gifted adolescents performed a creative generation task in which they imagined and drew fruit that might exist on another planet. They developed fruit that was rated as more original than developed by college students, and did so regardless of whether they were explicitly instructed to be more creative. (CR)|
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Development, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Ward, Thomas B.; Sifonis, Cynthia M. – Journal of Creative Behavior, 1997
This study examined the impact of three conditions on how subjects (105 college students) generated ideas about imaginary extraterrestrials. Results are discussed in terms of constraints on innovation, ways of overcoming those constraints, and the general tendency for new ideas to preserve many of the central properties of existing concepts.…
Descriptors: College Students, Creative Thinking, Creativity, Divergent Thinking
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Ward, Thomas B. – Cognitive Psychology, 1994
Results of 5 experiments involving 385 undergraduates imagining animals from another galaxy are consistent with the idea that similar structures and processes underlie creative and noncreative aspects of cognition. The concept of structured imagination and the role of characteristic properties are explored. (SLD)|
Descriptors: Classification, Cognitive Processes, Creativity, Higher Education
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Ward, Thomas B. – Child Study Journal, 1987
Fourth- and fifth-grade learning-disabled and nondisabled children were shown cartoon faces and required to learn which faces exemplified criterial attribute (analytic) and family resemblance (holistic) concept category membership. Children performed equally well on criterial attribute tasks, but learning-disabled children did less well on family…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Classification, Cognitive Style, Elementary School Students
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Ward, Thomas B. – Child Development, 1990
Addresses Nelson's commentary on Ward, Vela, and Hass' study of children's category learning (both of which are in this issue). Discusses the issue of whether a holistic processing view provides a better account of children's learning than does an analytical view. (PCB)|
Descriptors: Child Development, Classification, Concept Formation, Holistic Approach
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Ward, Thomas B. – Teaching of Psychology, 1985
One difficulty in teaching service courses such as psychology of adolescence is maintaining the interest of nonmajors without sacrificing course-relevant content. Described is a project that overcomes this problem by requiring students to observe some type of media (e.g., television) and determine the extent to which particular themes occur.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Course Descriptions, Higher Education, Majors (Students)
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Ward, Thomas B. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1984
Provides an example of how social science methods can improve information on public opinion used by government agencies. Examines opinions expressed in letters, the reasons given to support those opinions, and characteristics of the letter writers. Differences were related to sex and parental status, and there was particular concern over…
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Children, Consumer Protection, Data Analysis
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Ward, Thomas B. – Child Development, 1980
The classifying behavior of five-year-old children and adults was examined in two studies of restricted classification using triads of stimuli composed of the dimensions of length and density. Results were consistent with the notion of separable perception for adults and integral perception for children. (Author/SS)|
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Classification, Patterned Responses
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Ward, Thomas B.; Vela, Edward – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 1986
Describes two studies that demonstrate young children's perception of color materials differs from that of adults in two ways: (1) the stimulus dimensions of hue, chroma, and value appear to result in somewhat more separable perception for young children than for adults, and (2) the perceived similarities the color materials are not the same for…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Classification, College Students, Color
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Ward, Thomas B.; And Others – Child Development, 1990
Three experiments examined the modes of processing that children and adults use in learning family-resemblance categories. Children and adults exhibited primarily analytic, rather than holistic, modes of learning. (PCB)|
Descriptors: Adults, Child Development, Classification, Concept Formation
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Ward, Thomas B.; And Others – Child Development, 1989
Studied the way in which 32 preschoolers aged three-five years, 28 second-graders and 64 undergraduates generalized from a labeled exemplar to other potential members of the same category. Results indicated that preschoolers focused mostly on single attributes in making category decisions and older individuals primarily exhibited multiple…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Classification, Cognitive Development, Decision Making
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Epstein, Michael L.; Ward, Thomas B. – Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1974
Concludes that recall of a second item of a pair when cued with the first was significantly influenced by both pair relationship and the processing task. (RB)|
Descriptors: College Students, Educational Research, Higher Education, Memory