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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

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Speer, Sandra – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2011
Peer learning has already existed for a long time, as an informal as well as a formal practice between people from the same professional area. However, peer learning systems on the macro level are relatively newer concepts. Policy learning can be fostered by various types of organised activities, ranging from peer review frameworks, which often…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Peer Evaluation, Models
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Beywl, Wolfgang; Speer, Sandra – New Directions for Evaluation, 2004
Evaluation standards can be useful not only as a framework for the design but as an assessment of particular evaluations. They can also serve as indicators for the developmental stage of evaluation practice in different areas or countries. Until recently, there has not been any large-scale and comprehensive empirical investigation of knowledge and…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Standard Setting, Evaluators
Carioca, Vito; Rodrigues, Clara; Saude, Sandra; Kokosowski, Alain; Harich, Katja; Sau-Ek, Kristiina; Georgogianni, Nicole; Levy, Samuel; Speer, Sandra; Pugh, Terence – European Journal of Vocational Training, 2009
A lack of common criteria for comparing education and training systems makes it difficult to recognise qualifications and competences acquired in different environments and levels of training. A valid basis for defining a framework for evaluating professional performance in European educational and training contexts must therefore be established.…
Descriptors: Models, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Competencies, Vocational Education
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Speer, Sandra Kelly; And Others – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 1986
Patterns of Verbal and Performance Intelligence Quotients (IQ) and subtest scores of young gifted children (N=306) were identified on the Weschler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI). Most students had higher verbal than performance IQs, and the verbal IQ mean was significantly higher than the performance IQ mean. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Gifted, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests, Performance Tests
Speer, Sandra Kelley; Douglas, Dorothy R. – Academic Therapy, 1981
Ten suggestions for improving the social skills of learning disabled students include teaching the child to make eye contact while talking, explaining implications of voice qualities, role playing to examine emotions, and providing direct instruction on appropriate responses in social situations. (CL)
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Interpersonal Competence, Learning Disabilities, Social Development