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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

Showing 1 to 15 of 16 results
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Marks, Helen M.; Nance, Jason P. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2007
Purpose: The study investigates how various accountability contexts--including states, local boards, districts, school site councils, parent associations, and teachers--affect the ability of principals to influence instructional and supervisory decisions in their schools. Data: Data for the analysis come from 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Educational Change, Accountability, Principals
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Printy, Susan M.; Marks, Helen M.; Bowers, Alex J. – Journal of School Leadership, 2009
Transformational leadership by the principal appears to be a precondition of shared instructional leadership in schools, but it does not guarantee that principals and teachers will collaborate on curriculum and instruction. The present study, a content analysis of existing case studies, explores the ways in which teachers respond to…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Transformational Leadership, Instructional Leadership, Principals
Hawley, Joshua D.; Marks, Helen M. – Online Submission, 2006
Using data from in a large Mid-western district, this study analyses the use of academic skills in work-based learning. The primary question asked in this study has to do with the impact of participating in work-based learning on the use of academic skills. Four sets of academic skills were measured using surveys (language arts, math, science, and…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Grade 12, Labor Force Development, Internship Programs
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Printy, Susan M.; Marks, Helen M. – Theory Into Practice, 2006
The article synthesizes research findings from studies examining how principals and teachers contribute to shared instructional leadership and the relationship of shared instructional leadership to teacher and student learning. Principals and teachers contribute to the leadership equation in each school in different ways, according to school…
Descriptors: Leadership Styles, Principals, Teachers, Supervisor Supervisee Relationship
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Marks, Helen M. – International Journal of Educational Research, 2002
This chapter reviews the research on school composition and peer effects from three comparative perspectives--Catholic and public schools, single-sex and coeducational schools, and small and large schools. Most of the research is sociological, focuses on high schools, and draws on national samples. The chapter seeks to discern cumulative trends in…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Catholic Schools, Coeducation, Economically Disadvantaged
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Marks, Helen M.; Jones, Susan Robb – Journal of Higher Education, 2004
Continuing a decade-long trend, findings from recent annual surveys of first-year college students have documented their participation in community service as high-school seniors at record high levels (Higher Education Research Institute, 1999, 2000, 2001). Eighty-one percent of the 2000 respondents reported volunteering during senior year,…
Descriptors: Altruism, Student Participation, School Community Relationship, Service Learning
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Marks, Helen M.; Printy, Susan M. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2003
Uses sample of 24 nationally selected restructured elementary, middle, and high schools to examine the relationship of transformational and instructional leadership to school performance as measured by the quality of teaching and student achievement. Finds that principals integrating transformational and instructional leadership have substantial…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Leadership, Principals
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Marks, Helen M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2000
Studied the effects on engagement of school reform initiatives that are consistent with educational theories. Also studied patterns in student engagement in a sample of 3,669 students from restructuring elementary, middle, and high schools. Hierarchical linear analysis suggests that reform initiatives substantially influence engagement in a…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Theories, Elementary Secondary Education, School Restructuring
Marks, Helen M. – 1999
This paper focuses on investigating the purposive design of learning environments to counter the erosion of social capital in communities and schools in contemporary society. Can schools intentionally replenish stocks of social capital by creating normative systems conducive to the optimal academic and social development of students, and by…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, High Risk Students, High Schools, Norms
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Louis, Karen Seashore; Marks, Helen M. – American Journal of Education, 1998
Quantitative and qualitative analyses show that in 24 selected restructuring elementary, middle, and high schools, professional community is strongly associated with technical (measured as authentic pedagogy) and social (measured as social support for achievement) dimensions of classroom organization. The relationships between authentic pedagogy…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Environment, Elementary Schools, Elementary Secondary Education
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Marks, Helen M.; Louis, Karen Seashore – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 1997
Data from 24 restructuring elementary, middle, and high schools are used to examine teacher empowerment in schools with at least four years of experience with decentralized or school-based management. Findings suggest that empowerment is an important but not sufficient condition of change that does affect teaching quality and student performance.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Decentralization, Educational Change, Educational Practices
Marks, Helen M. – 1995
This paper presents findings of a study that investigated factors that contribute to the engagement of students. Based on the theoretical model of Newmann, Wehlage, and Lamborn (1992), the study examined the effect of instructional approaches of teachers, contextual features of classrooms, and attributes of student experience on students'…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Environment, Educational Innovation, Elementary Secondary Education
Peterson, Kent D.; Marks, Helen M.; Warren, Valli D. – 1996
One of the most widespread restructuring reforms involves decentralizing decision making to schools and sharing decision making with a variety of groups. This paper presents findings of a study that examined the organizational conditions in schools using School-Based Decision Making (SBDM) where there is higher quality instruction and greater…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Analysis of Variance, Elementary Secondary Education, Governance
Marks, Helen M.; Secada, Walter G.; Doane, Kenneth B. – 1996
The need for students to experience affiliation and membership is a strong theme in recent thinking on school reform. But affiliation without concern for students' intellectual work and growth defeats the purpose of schooling. This study investigated the sources and mechanisms that sustain intellectually focused affiliation among students, defined…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Diversity (Student), Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
Marks, Helen M.; Lee, Valerie E. – 1989
A study compared the scores of Catholic and public school students at three different grade levels on educationally pertinent characteristics such as race, ability, level of parental education, amount of homework, and high school curricular track. Subjects, approximately 2,000 Catholic school students and 30,000 public school students in grades 3,…
Descriptors: Catholic Schools, Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Grade 11
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