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Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Hinchman, Kathleen – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2009
This commentary invites Americans to confront what these authors view as the travesty that typically passes for literacy instruction for older youth in the United States who struggle with reading. In too many U.S. schools, these young people face an impoverished curriculum, receiving literacy instruction that is ill suited to their needs, or…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Reading Difficulties, Secondary School Curriculum, Teaching Methods
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Schoenbach, Ruth; Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Hale, Gina – Journal of Staff Development, 2010
Middle and high school teachers across academic disciplines face increased pressure to address the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for English language arts and for literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects. This means that the responsibility of preparing students to read, write, talk, and think critically about…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Literacy Education, High Stakes Tests, Apprenticeships
Heller, Rafael; Greenleaf, Cynthia L. – Alliance for Excellent Education, 2007
Across the country, numerous efforts are currently underway to provide struggling adolescent readers with the high-quality interventions, materials, and instruction they need to bring their literacy skills up to grade level expectations. Over the last several years, a strong coalition of educators, researchers, policymakers, professional…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Adolescents, Literacy, Reading Instruction
Silver, David; Hansen, Mark; Herman, Joan; Silk, Yael; Greenleaf, Cynthia L. – National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST), 2011
The main purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the Reading Apprenticeship professional development program on several teacher and student outcomes, including effects on student learning. A key part of the study was the use of an enhanced performance assessment program, the Integrated Learning Assessment (ILA), to measure student…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Apprenticeships, Secondary School Teachers, Faculty Development
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Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Litman, Cindy; Hanson, Thomas L.; Rosen, Rachel; Boscardin, Christy K.; Herman, Joan; Schneider, Steven A. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
This study examined the effects of professional development integrating academic literacy and biology instruction on science teachers' instructional practices and students' achievement in science and literacy. The intervention consisted of 10 days of professional development in Reading Apprenticeship, an instructional framework integrating…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Inquiry, Metacognition, Logical Thinking
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Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Mueller, Faye L. – 2003
Academic Literacy was a year-long course focused on reading strategy development for all ninth graders at Thurgood Marshall Academic High School in the San Francisco Unified School District. Course goals were to help students become engaged, fluent, and competent readers of the variety of texts necessary for them to master to be successful in high…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Course Evaluation, Experimental Programs, Grade 9
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Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Jimenez, Robert T.; Roller, Cathy M. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2002
Sets up a dialogue on the topic of secondary reading interventions. Hopes to stimulate a conversation among diverse researchers and practitioners whose work would enable them to represent the best interests of a wide range of secondary students. Concludes with a redefining of secondary reading intervention. (SG)|
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention, Reading Instruction, Secondary Education
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Greenleaf, Cynthia L.; Schoenbach, Ruth; Cziko, Christine; Mueller, Faye L. – Harvard Educational Review, 2001
In Reading Apprenticeships, teachers serve as "master readers" of texts, engaging in collaborative inquiry with students. Reading is demystified through metacognitive conversations that draw on readers' self-knowledge. Academically underperforming students gained an average of 2 years' reading growth in 1 academic year using the approach.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Literacy, Metacognition, Reading Improvement