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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

Learn more about the history of ERIC here. PDF icon

Showing all 14 results
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Cunningham, Anne E. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2006
Share's "self-teaching" model proposes that readers acquire most knowledge about the orthographic structure of words incidentally while reading independently. In the current study, the self-teaching hypothesis was tested by simulating everyday reading through the use of real words, analyzing the effects of context, and considering the independent…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Cognitive Ability, Spelling, Independent Study
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Zibulsky, Jamie; Callahan, Mia D. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2009
A growing body of research is emerging that investigates the teacher knowledge base essential for supporting reading and writing development at the elementary school level. However, even though increasing recognition is given to the pivotal role that preschool teachers play in cultivating children's early literacy development, considerably fewer…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Teacher Characteristics, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Preschool Teachers
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Zibulsky, Jamie; Stanovich, Keith E.; Stanovich, Paula J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2009
As teacher quality becomes a central issue in discussions of children's literacy, both researchers and policy makers alike express increasing concern with how teachers structure and allocate their lesson time for literacy-related activities as well as with what they know about reading development, processes, and pedagogy. The authors examined the…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Language Arts, Disabilities, Special Education Teachers
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Perry, Kathryn E.; Stanovich, Keith E.; Stanovich, Paula J. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2004
Recently, investigators have begun to pay increasing attention to the role of teachers' domain-specific knowledge in the area of reading, and its implications for both classroom practice and student learning. The aims of the present study were to assess kindergarten to third grade teachers' actual and perceived reading related subject matter…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Primary Education, Phonemes, Phonics
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Perry, Kathryn E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2001
Focuses on the issue of convergent and predictive validity of measures using a broader range of orthographic tasks than previously examined. Finds that a measure of print exposure predicted variance in orthographic processing after the variance in phonological processing had been partialed out. (SG)
Descriptors: Primary Education, Reading Achievement, Reading Instruction, Reading Research
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Perry, Kathryn E.; Stanovich, Keith E.; Share, David L. – Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2002
Assessed the degree of orthographic learning in homophonic choice, spelling, and target naming tasks with second graders. Found that processing of target homophones was superior to that of their homophonic controls and found a substantial correlation between orthographic learning and number of target homophones correctly decoded during story…
Descriptors: Children, Decoding (Reading), Independent Study, Knowledge Level
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McCutchen, Deborah; Harry, Dawn R.; Cunningham, Anne E.; Cox, Susanne; Sidman, Susan; Covill, Amy E. – Annals of Dyslexia, 2002
A study investigated relationships among 59 elementary teachers' reading-related content knowledge, their philosophical orientation toward reading instruction, their classroom practice, and their students' learning. Relationships emerged between content knowledge and instruction and between kindergarten teachers' phonological knowledge and their…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Dyslexia, Elementary Education, Knowledge Base for Teaching
Cunningham, Anne E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – American Educator, 1998
Reports on research studies into the role that reading volume plays in shaping the mind. It is possible to outline the reciprocal influence of early reading acquisition and reading volume as determinants of later reading comprehension and other cognitive abilities. Early success at reading unlocks a lifetime of reading habits, as research shows.…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Cognitive Ability, Reading Achievement, Reading Habits
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Developmental Psychology, 1997
Studied reading comprehension, vocabulary, general knowledge, and print exposure of 11th graders who completed reading battery 10 years earlier. Found that first-grade reading ability predicted all 11th-grade outcomes--even when cognitive ability was partialed out--and was linked to print exposure, even after 11th-grade reading comprehension…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Cognitive Ability, Cultural Literacy, Elementary School Students
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1993
Describes first-grade children who completed a battery of tasks that included standardized measures of word recognition and spelling, measures of phonological and orthographic processing skills, and a short indicator of exposure to print via home literacy experiences. Finds that phonological and orthographic processing skills are separable…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Family Environment, Grade 1
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1991
The construct validity of a new measure of children's exposure to print, the Title Recognition Test (TRT), was assessed with 34 fourth, 33 fifth, and 67 sixth graders. The TRT demonstrated significant correlations with spelling, vocabulary, verbal fluency, word knowledge, and general information. (SLD)
Descriptors: Children, Construct Validity, Correlation, Elementary School Students
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Stanovich, Keith E.; Cunningham, Anne E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1993
Studied whether individual differences in print exposure and exposure to other media can account for individual differences in acquired declarative knowledge, controlling for confounds between experience and ability. Results with 268 undergraduates (90 males and 178 females) suggest that exposure is a significant contributor to knowledge…
Descriptors: Ability, Authors, Correlation, Factor Analysis
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1990
The spelling performance of 22 male and 26 female first graders using a simultaneous oral spelling method was compared when students were writing the words, spelling them with letter tiles, or typing them on a computer keyboard. Results of two experiments indicate the superiority of handwriting in improving spelling acquisition. (SLD)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary School Students
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Cunningham, Anne E.; Stanovich, Keith E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 1990
A study of 51 third and 47 fourth graders using a new measure of exposure to print, the Title Recognition Test, established that orthographic processing ability can account for variance in word recognition skill after variance resulting from phonological processing is removed. The importance of print exposure is discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Children, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students