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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
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ERIC Number: EJ947305
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1528-3518
Cultural Differences in Transactional Distance Preference by Arab and American Distance Learners
Al-Harthi, Aisha S.
Quarterly Review of Distance Education, v11 n4 p257-267 2010
This study investigated the differences between Arab and American distance learners' preference in the 2 components of transactional distance (structure and interaction) and their relation to learners' self-efficacy and help seeking. The study sample consisted of 95 cases from each group (N = 190). Study results indicated significant differences between Arab and American learners in their preference in the 4 aspects of structure examined. Arab students preferred significantly more rigid structure and a preference for significantly more interaction with their instructors compared to American students. A negative correlation was found between self-efficacy and structure for the American group. For both groups, seeking help was significantly and positively related to preference for interaction with other students. (Contains 4 tables.)
IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc. P.O. Box 79049, Charlotte, NC 28271-7047. Tel: 704-752-9125; Fax: 704-752-9113; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bahrain; Kuwait; Pennsylvania; Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire; Internal Consistency