ERIC Number: EJ877130
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Reference Count: 5
Test Review: Process Assessment of the Learner-Second Edition
Peterson, Lisa S.; Martinez, Andrew; Turner, Terez L.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v28 n1 p80-86 2010
This article presents a review of the "Process Assessment of the Learner-Second Edition" (PAL-II), an individual or group-administered instrument designed to assess the cognitive processes involved in academic tasks in kindergarten through sixth grade. The instrument allows the examiner to identify reasons for underachievement and connect these deficiencies to interventions. The PAL-II contains two separate assessments: (1) one for reading and writing (PAL-II RW); and (2) one for math (PAL-II M). The PAL-II is based on the research of the author, Dr. Virginia Wise Berninger, and is an extension of the PAL, which was published in 2001 (Berninger, 2001). The PAL-II is an expanded version of the PAL and shows the growth of Berninger's research in the area of individual cognitive processes that interact with both instructional materials and instructional pedagogy. Improvements to the PAL-II include the creation of additional subtests, modification of previous subtests, and the addition of a User's Guide in CD format. It also has been made easier to score, includes composite and scaled scores, has a reformatted Stimulus Book, and has improved psychometrics. Overall, the PAL-II is a useful tool that can be used for both clinical utility and research purposes. The PAL-II was designed for the purpose of being used as part of the three-tier model for intervention and assessment. School professionals are encouraged to use the PAL-II as a screener, an assessment to help diagnose a specific learning disability, and a resource for interventions, particularly in reading. Although the whole reading or math test may be too long for many research studies, subtests could be valuable in gaining a better understanding about learning processes in reading and math. In future editions of the PAL-II, improvements to the development of test items and subtests are recommended to improve the reliability of weaker subtests, and further development of the math test, both in the research base and intervention materials, would be valuable to both researchers and school practitioners.
Descriptors: Test Items, Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Tests, Test Reviews, Instructional Materials, Learning Processes, Psychometrics, Student Evaluation, Cognitive Processes, Elementary Education, Reading Tests, Reliability, Researchers, Writing Tests, Coding, Short Term Memory, Scores, Construct Validity, Content Validity
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Subtests; Test Retest Reliability