ERIC Number: EJ871658
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
Cognitive and Social Constructivism: Developing Tools for an Effective Classroom
Powell, Katherine C.; Kalina, Cody J.
Education, v130 n2 p241-250 Win 2009
An effective classroom, where teachers and students are communicating optimally, is dependent on using constructivist strategies, tools and practices. There are two major types of constructivism in the classroom: (1) Cognitive or individual constructivism depending on Piaget's theory, and (2) Social constructivism depending on Vygotsky's theory. Similarities include inquiry teaching methods and students creating concepts built on existing knowledge that are relevant and meaningful. Differences include language development theory where thinking precedes language for cognitive constructivism and language precedes thinking for the theory of social constructivism. Understanding communicative tools and strategies helps teachers to develop individual learning methods such as, discovery learning, and social interactive to develop peer collaboration.
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Language Acquisition, Piagetian Theory, Teaching Methods, Classroom Environment, Classroom Communication, Social Theories, Classroom Techniques, Interpersonal Communication, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A