ERIC Number: EJ821271
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Literature Review: ADHD in Adults--A Review of the Literature
Davidson, Megan A.
Journal of Attention Disorders, v11 n6 p628-641 2008
Objective: ADHD presents significant challenges to adults. The current review's goals are (a) to critically examine the current state of knowledge regarding ADHD in adults and (b) to provide clinicians with practice-friendly information regarding assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. Method: Searches of PsycINFO and Medline were conducted, and reference lists from articles and books were searched for additional relevant references. Results/Conclusion: A valid and reliable assessment should be comprehensive and include the use of symptom rating scales, a clinical interview, neuropsychological testing, and the corroboration of patient reports. Specific diagnostic criteria that are more sensitive and specific to adult functioning are needed. In treatment, pharmacological interventions have the most empirical support, with the stimulants methylphenidate and amphetamine and the antidepressants desipramine and atomoxetine having the highest efficacy rates. Scientific research on psychosocial treatments is lacking, with preliminary evidence supporting the combination of cognitive behavioral therapy and medication.
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Behavior Modification, Cognitive Restructuring, Rating Scales, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Adults, Literature Reviews, Evaluation Methods, Clinical Diagnosis, Counseling Techniques, Drug Therapy, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Interviews, Neurological Impairments, Screening Tests, Psychological Patterns, Social Development
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
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