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ERIC Number: EJ794872
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-1476-718X
The Realism and Sex Type of Four- to Five-Year-Old Children's Occupational Aspirations
Care, Esther; Deans, Jan; Brown, Robert
Journal of Early Childhood Research, v5 n2 p155-168 2007
Research on career development has focused primarily on adolescents and adults. However, in Gottfredson's theory of circumscription and compromise (2002) it is proposed that career aspirations originate in the preschool years and that the earliest work aspirations of children are sex typed in relation to the activities of same sex adults. This article investigates young children's career development in the context of Gottfredson's stage theory. Eighty-four children attending a kindergarten/early learning centre for four- to five-year-old children exhibited sex typing of their aspirations, with the vast majority nominating real occupational roles as opposed to fantasy ones, as aspirations for adult life. The pattern of boys' and girls' aspirations differentially support Gottfredson's proposals. Questions are raised concerning the stability of patterns of aspirations in terms of sex type in a changing society. (Contains 3 tables and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 5; Kindergarten; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: United States; Australia