ERIC Number: EJ787470
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Auditory Distraction in Semantic Memory: A Process-Based Approach
Marsh, John E.; Hughes, Robert W.; Jones, Dylan M.
Journal of Memory and Language, v58 n3 p682-700 Apr 2008
Five experiments demonstrate auditory-semantic distraction in tests of memory for semantic category-exemplars. The effects of irrelevant sound on category-exemplar recall are shown to be functionally distinct from those found in the context of serial short-term memory by showing sensitivity to: The lexical-semantic, rather than acoustic, properties of sound (Experiment 1) and between-sequence semantic similarity (Experiments 1-5) but only under conditions in which the task is free, not serial, recall (Experiment 3) and when the irrelevant sound items are dominant members of a semantic category (Experiment 4). The experiments also reveal evidence of a breakdown of a source-monitoring process under conditions of between-sequence semantic similarity (Experiments 2-5). Results are discussed in terms of activation and inhibition accounts and support a dynamic, process-oriented, rather than a structurally based, account of forgetting.
Descriptors: Semantics, Short Term Memory, Semiotics, Auditory Perception, Tests, Recall (Psychology), Inhibition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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