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ERIC Number: EJ779674
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
"Methods Practiced in Social Studies Instruction: A Review of Public School Teachers' Strategies"
Bolinger, Kevin; Warren, Wilson J.
International Journal of Social Education, v22 n1 p68-84 2007
In this study, the authors explore the "apparent gulf between professionals' advice and actual teachers' practices." Their study recognizes the imperviousness of teacher practice to the efforts of researchers and curricular reformers. For over a century, the authors argue, "best practices" in social studies have always included instruction that promotes higher-order thinking and inquiry-based learning, regardless of whether the promulgators were committed to citizenship education, "constructivist" methods, or standards-based instruction. Their study, however, asks whether methods that promote thinking and interpretation actually appear in classroom practice. Using survey data, the researchers find a tension between the methods that teachers most commonly use and the methods they believe are most effective. In particular, the study finds that though teachers may value methods such as role play and debate, they are most likely to lecture. The authors conclude the results of this study suggest that among both elementary and secondary social studies teachers, passive methods are used more frequently than active, and arguably, more authentic methods. (Contains 4 tables and 9 notes.)
Descriptors: Constructivism (Learning), Public School Teachers, Citizenship Education, Social Studies, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills, Instructional Effectiveness, Lecture Method, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Standards
International Journal of Social Education. Ball State University, Department of History, Muncie, IN 47306. Tel: 765-285-8700; Fax: 765-285-5612; Web site: http://www.bsu.edu/classes/cantu/journal.htm
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A