ERIC Number: EJ761477
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Students about In-Group Favoritism and the Minimal Groups Paradigm
Isbell, Linda M.; Tyler, James M.
Teaching of Psychology, v30 n2 p127-130 2003
Research on minimal groups demonstrates that arbitrarily creating 2 groups leads to the development of in-group favoritism. Experiments using the minimal groups paradigm show students how easily in-group biases can be created simply by categorizing others. This article describes an in-class activity that demonstrates the power of categorization. Students completed a minimal groups experiment either before or after viewing the video A Class Divided. Regardless of when they viewed the video, students rated their arbitrarily assigned in-group more positively and less negatively than their out-group. These findings spurred lively discussion about the possible relation among categorization, discrimination, and prejudice. Students enjoyed the activity and indicated that it was a valuable technique for demonstrating in-group bias.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Models, Classification, Bias, Class Activities, Visual Aids, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Student Attitudes, Demonstrations (Educational), Correlation, Social Discrimination, Psychological Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A