ERIC Number: EJ741296
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Oct
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship between Phonological Awareness and Reading: Implications for the Assessment of Phonological Awareness
Hogan, Tiffany P.; Catts, Hugh W.; Little, Todd D.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v36 n4 p285-293 Oct 2005
Purpose: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) use phonological awareness assessments in many ways. This study examines the usefulness of these assessments in kindergarten and 2nd grade. Method: Measures of phonological awareness and letter identification were administered in kindergarten, and measures of phonological awareness, phonetic decoding (i.e., nonword reading), and word reading were administered in 2nd and 4th grades to a sample of 570 children participating in a longitudinal study of reading and language impairments. Results: A path analysis indicated that kindergarten measures of phonological awareness and letter identification provided information to the prediction of 2nd-grade reading. In 2nd grade, measures of reading offered information to the prediction of 4th-grade reading. Additionally, a reciprocal relationship was found between phonological awareness and word reading, with kindergarten phonological awareness predicting 2nd-grade word reading and, conversely, 2nd-grade word reading predicting 4th-grade phonological awareness. Clinical Implications: Phonological awareness assessment provides information about reading in kindergarten but loses its predictive power at 2nd grade. At that time, phonological awareness and word reading become so highly correlated that phonological awareness does not add information to the prediction of 4th-grade reading.
Descriptors: Correlation, Reading Skills, Student Evaluation, Instructional Effectiveness, Kindergarten, Grade 2, Grade 4, Longitudinal Studies, Language Impairments, Measures (Individuals), Age Differences, Phonemes, Path Analysis
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 301-897-5700, ext. 4164; Fax: 301-897-7348.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 4; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A