ERIC Number: EJ738665
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: 84
Communities and Schools: A New View of Urban Education Reform
Warren, Mark R.
Harvard Educational Review, v75 n2 p133-173 Sum 2005
In this article, Mark R. Warren argues that if urban school reform in the United States is to be successful, it must be linked to the revitalization of the communities around our schools. Warren identifies a growing field of collaboration between public schools and community-based organizations, developing a typology that identifies three different approaches: the service approach (community schools); the development approach (community sponsorship of new charter schools); and the organizing approach (school-community organizing). The author elaborates a conceptual framework using theories of social capital and relational power, presenting case studies to illustrate each type. He also discusses a fourth case to demonstrate the possibilities for linking individual school change to political strategies that address structures of poverty. Warren identifies shared lessons across these approaches, and compares and contrasts the particular strengths and weaknesses of each. Warren concludes with a call for a new approach to urban education reform that links it theoretically and practically to social change in America's cities.
Descriptors: Social Change, Urban Education, Social Capital, School Restructuring, Urban Schools, Educational Change, Partnerships in Education, Case Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A