ERIC Number: EJ684670
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Reference Count: 0
A Meta-Analytic Review of Gender Variations in Children's Language Use: Talkativeness, Affiliative Speech, and Assertive Speech
Leaper, Campbell; Smith, Tara E.
Developmental Psychology, v40 n6 p993-1027 Nov 2004
Three sets of meta-analyses examined gender effects on children's language use. Each set of analyses considered an aspect of speech that is considered to be gender typed: talkativeness, affiliative speech, and assertive speech. Statistically significant average effect sizes were obtained with all three language constructs. On average, girls were slightly more talkative and used more affiliative speech than did boys, whereas boys used more assertive speech than did girls. However, the average effect sizes were either negligible (talkativeness, d=0.11; assertive speech, d=0.11) or small (affiliative speech, d=0.26). Larger effect sizes were indicated for some language constructs depending on either the operational definition of the language measure, the method of recording, the child's age level, the interaction partner (adult or peer), group size, gender composition, observational setting, or type of activity. The results are interpreted in relation to social-developmental and social-constructionist approaches to gender; these views are presented as complementary--rather than competing--meta-theoretical viewpoints.
Descriptors: Language Use, Effect Size, Gender Differences, Meta Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Speech Communication, Age, Measures (Individuals), Interaction, Language Variation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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