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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
ERIC Number: EJ565538
Record Type: CIJE
Publication Date: 1998
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1068-610X
From Closed to Open Systems: New Designs for Effectiveness in Community Colleges.
Alfred, Richard
Journal of Applied Research in the Community College, v5 n1 p9-19 Spr 1998
Argues that community colleges are becoming more reliant on support from external stakeholders to design programs and deliver services to customers. Suggests that colleges need to supplement traditional academic indicators of performance with external indicators, which involves a shift from a closed to an open systems-assessment approach. (JDI)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A