ERIC Number: ED542489
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1939
Reference Count: 0
Public Education in the Panama Canal Zone. Bulletin, 1939, No. 8
Cook, Katherine M.
Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior
Americans are justly proud of the Panama Canal, the first and the most significant of our larger ventures as a Nation in commercial engineering. Two successful means of trans-Isthmian travel are now in operation--one by rail, established with the completion of the Panama Railroad, and one by water with the completion of the Canal. The community is unique among American communities in many respects, in selection, in occupational, social, and economic homogeneity, for example. It occupies a narrow strip of land approximately 50 miles long extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans, known as the Canal Zone. All of its people are directly or indirectly engaged in the operation of the Canal and the railroad. They number approximately 60,000 about half of whom are white citizens of the United States and half Jamaican Negroes. Almost simultaneously with the advent of families--in the fall of the same year in which the United States secured control of the Canal Zone, September 1904--the Isthmian Canal Commission authorized schools. The establishment of the principle of universal education at public expense has been the policy consistently followed in American occupation of extracontinental territory. In the Canal Zone this principle, followed over a period of years, has probably been realized more fully and successfully than in any other area in the jurisdiction of the United States outside the 48 States. The story of the school system of the American community living in this territory in the tropics, where continuous summer prevails, and in the midst of a foreign country, yet maintaining itself as an American community in all its social standards, including education, is the subject of this bulletin. It is one of a series planned to familiarize the people of the United States with the schools and school systems located in the each of our outlying parts. An appendix presents 11 additional tables. A bibliography is included. (Contains 33 footnotes, 5 charts, and 23 tables.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Transportation, Public Education, Engineering, Educational History, Educational Administration, White Students, African American Students, School Segregation, Enrollment Trends, Attendance Patterns, Curriculum, School Health Services, Academic Achievement, Secondary Education, Teachers, School Buildings
Office of Education, United States Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United States Department of the Interior, Office of Education (ED)
Identifiers: Canal Zone; Panama Canal; United States