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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
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ERIC Number: ED506298
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Aug-27
Pages: 105
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 128
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CBT and Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Comprehensive Literature Review
Kincade, Sharon R.; McBride, Dawn Lorraine
Online Submission
The overall intention of this project was to enhance awareness, for those involved with persons on the autism spectrum, of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) strategies for treating persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The project involved a literature review on autism and the use of CBT strategies for people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The literature review attempted to answer the question: Is there sufficient evidence to conclude, based on the research reviewed, that CBT for children with ASD is an efficacious or probably efficacious treatment? This projected is intended to be a valuable resource to parents, professionals, counselors, educators and others in close contact with persons on the spectrum. Overall, the evidence reviewed suggested that CBT delivered in a flexible manner individualized to the ASD child can be effective in reducing symptoms of anxiety and may also have an impact on some of the core features of ASD such as social cognition. The research suggested that CBT can be a very powerful and effective tool for higher-functioning children on the autism spectrum, and may be considered an empirically validated efficacious therapy for this population. Strengths and limitations of this project are addressed, and comprehensive appendices as well as an extensive reference list are included. Twelve appendices are included: (1) List of the 15 Autism Studies Using CBT that were included in this project; (2) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Sample Size and Diagnosis, Gender, Age and IQ Level; (3) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Criteria Used to Diagnose Autism and the Problem Studied; (4) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Outcome Measures Used to Assess the Effects of Treatment; (5) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Design Characteristics; (6) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Treatment Integrity Efforts; (7) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Treatment Length and Type; (8) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Treatment Details Such as the Model, Techniques Used, Modifications, and Parent Involvement; (9) Table Comparing the Research Articles on Findings; (10) Table Comparing the Research Articles on the CBT Treatment Components of Emotion Recognition, Body Awareness, Cognitive Awareness, and Use of Homework; (11) Table Comparing the Research Articles on the Treatment Components of Problem-Solving Skills, Coping or Social Skills, and Parent Involvement; and (12) Table Comparing the Research Articles on the Treatment Components of Visual Strategies and Metaphors. (Contains 1 footnote.)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A