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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
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ERIC Number: ED503800
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Apr-4
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Education Attainment in Brazil: The Experience of FUNDEF. OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 424
de Mello, Luiz; Hoppe, Mombert
OECD Publishing (NJ1)
For many years, Brazil lagged behind other middle-income countries in terms of school enrolment rates. But since 1998 policies have aimed at bridging this gap, in particular, with the implementation of FUNDEF, a fund for financing sub-national spending on primary and lower-secondary education. Using state- and municipality-level data during 1991-2002, this paper shows that FUNDEF played a key role in the increase in enrolment rates over the period, particularly in small municipalities, which rely more heavily on transfers from higher levels of government as a source of revenue. These findings underscore the importance of FUNDEF in eliminating supply constraints to the improvement of education attainment. Enrolment rates are now nearly universal for primary and lower-secondary education. Emphasis should therefore be placed on policies to improve the quality of services and to remove supply constraints to the expansion of enrolment in upper-secondary and tertiary education. (Contains 6 tables and 6 figures.)
OECD Publishing. 2, rue Andre Pascal, F-75775 Paris Cedex 16, France. Tel: +33 145 24 8200; Fax: +33 145 24 8500; Web site: http://www.oecd.org/publications http://www.sourceoecd.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
Identifiers: Brazil