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50 Years of ERIC
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ERIC Number: ED501775
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun-25
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Inclusion: The Pros and Cons--A Critical Review
Savich, Carl
Online Submission
The purpose of this paper was to review, analyze, and critique the pros and cons, the advantages and disadvantages, of inclusion. The methodology consisted in analyzing and comparing research findings on the benefits and costs of inclusion. Federal legislation and regulations on inclusion were examined, analyzed, and discussed. The results showed that inclusion, the practice of integrating students with disabilities in regular, general education classrooms for all or nearly all of the day instead of in special education classrooms, had both advantages and disadvantages. The benefits of inclusion consisted of, in general, reduced cost, the development of greater self-esteem and social skills in students with disabilities, and a greater integration of students with diverse needs. Equity and equality were fostered for all students. The cons or disadvantages of inclusion were that time and attention were diverted from regular and advanced students with a concomitant lowering of standards. The conclusion was that the benefits of inclusion outweigh the costs. Inclusion fostered the goals of education, which are tolerance for diversity, equity, equality, community integration, and achievement for all students. Educators and researchers must focus on ways to ensure that inclusion continues to be fostered and that more effective integration strategies and techniques are developed.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: No Child Left Behind Act 2001; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act