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ERIC Number: ED497507
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 5
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 10
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Effects of Self-Efficacy and Self-Esteem on Homesickness and College Adjustment
Smith, Gregory J
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Western Psychological Association's Convention (87th, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 3-6, 2007)
(Purpose) The purpose of the present study was to assess the impact of self-efficacy and self-esteem on the experiences of homesickness and initial adjustment to college in first-year college students. (Methods) The second week of college 107 first-year college students (28 men, 79 women) completed a questionnaire assessing self-efficacy, self-esteem, homesickness, and adjustment to college. (Results) In both men and women, the homesick had lower self-efficacy scores than the non-homesick (women, t(77) = 3.16, p = .01; men, t(26) = 7.24, p < .001) and scored lower on all three subscales of self-efficacy: initiative, effort, and persistence. There were no differences in self-esteem between the homesick and non-homesick. Looking at adjustment to college, homesick women had higher levels of negative emotional affect than non-homesick women, t(77) = 4.00, p < .001, and had fewer appropriate behavioral responses than non-homesick women, t(77) = 2.77, p = .01. In men, while the homesick had fewer appropriate behavioral responses than the non-homesick, t(26) 3.92, p = .01, there were no differences between homesick men and non-homesick men on the emotional domain. (Conclusions) The finding that self-efficacy lessens the experience of homesickness suggests that the skills of those high in self-efficacy (i.e., initiative, effort, and persistence) are the skills needed for successful adjustment to new experiences, thus ameliorating the experience of homesickness. The ramifications of the behavioral choices made by the homesick compared to the non-homesick, coupled with the negative emotional affect (found in homesick women in the present sample) may place homesick students at greater risk for continued difficulties in college. (Contains 5 tables and 7 references.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Guttman Scales; Test of Reactions and Adaptations to College; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale