ERIC Number: ED470260
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Changing Girls' Education in Guatemala.
Provasnik, Stephen; Brush, Lorie; Heyman, Cory; Fanning, Marina; Lent, Drew; De Wilde, Johan
Guatemala's school completion rates are among the lowest in Latin America and are particularly low in rural indigenous areas ravaged by 36 years of civil conflict. In 1997, USAID launched the Girls' Education Activity, known as Proyecto Global in Guatemala, to increase the percentage of girls who complete fifth grade, especially in rural areas and among indigenous (Maya) populations. For 4 years ending August 2001, the project promoted a national discourse on girls' education; developed materials crafted to promote girls' education in the Guatemalan social and cultural context; and pursued four strategies, focusing on the department of El Quiche. First, materials and teacher workshops were developed to increase teachers' sensitivity to gender stereotypes and roles and to introduce instructional methods that engage children and make them agents in their own learning. Adoption of these "interactive and dynamic" teaching methods by rural teachers has been slow. Second, community "sensitizing" workshops were held in 15 communities to raise awareness of the importance of girls' education and female literacy and to promote community involvement. Third, a national media campaign aimed to influence social attitudes impeding girls' access to education. Finally, small monthly scholarships were provided to about 50,000 girls over 3 years. Analysis of systemic changes suggests that the project made varying degrees of progress in legitimizing its goals with policy makers, creating stakeholders, and mobilizing resources in favor of girls' education. However, the constituency for girls' education in Guatemala remains limited to certain sectors of society and is robust only in pockets where community work was carried out. (SV)
Descriptors: Access to Education, American Indian Education, Bilingual Education, Community Attitudes, Community Involvement, Educational Change, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Inservice Teacher Education, Material Development, Maya (People), Public Relations, Rural Education, Scholarships, Sex Discrimination, Womens Education, Workshops
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Guatemala; International Aid; Public Information Campaigns
Note: Written in collaboration with Angela Leal, Majat Yamouri Saher, Ana Maria Robles, and Johanna Mendoza. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society (CIES) (46th, Orlando, FL, March 6-9, 2002). For a related paper, see RC 023 744.