ERIC Number: ED464267
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Basic Skills: The Effects of Adult Education in Welfare-to-Work Programs. National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies.
Bos, Johannes M.; Scrivener, Susan; Snipes, Jason; Hamilton, Gayle
The effects of adult education in welfare-to-work programs were examined in a national evaluation of welfare-to-work strategies. The evaluation used a random research design to estimate the overall effects of welfare-to-work programs in the following states: Georgia, Ohio, Michigan, Oklahoma, Oregon, and California. The study focused on the following issues: the quality of the education services provided; the extent to which welfare recipients participate in education and earn education credentials; the value of the education services provided; and the value of basic skills and education credentials in the labor market during the mid-1990s. The following were among the key findings: (1) even when welfare recipients preferred not to enter adult education, welfare-to-work programs substantially increased their receipt of such education; (2) assignment to education-focused programs did not generally appear to have substantial payoffs for welfare recipients in terms of education outcomes; and (3) earning a General Educational Development (GED) certificate, increasing basic skills, or subsequently participating in postsecondary programs yielded substantial benefits in terms of employment, earnings, and self-sufficiency. The following items are appended: discussions of the data sources and research samples; five supplementary tables; and descriptions and discussions of the survey instruments and subgroups.( Contains 63 references and 54 tables/figures.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Basic Skills, College Programs, Comparative Analysis, Education Work Relationship, Educational Attainment, Educational Research, Employment Level, Employment Programs, Employment Qualifications, English (Second Language), Enrollment Trends, High School Equivalency Programs, Literacy Education, Literature Reviews, National Surveys, Outcomes of Education, Performance Factors, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Public Policy, Salary Wage Differentials, Skill Development, State Programs, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services
ED Pubs, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398. Tel: 877-433-7827 (Toll Free); Fax: 301-470-1244; TTY/TDD: 800 437-0833 (Toll Free); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.ed.gov/pubs/edpubs.html. For full text: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/NEWWS/.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.; Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers: California; General Educational Development Tests; Georgia; Impact Studies; Michigan; Ohio; Oklahoma; Oregon; Self Sufficiency; Welfare to Work Programs
Note: Written with Christine Schwartz and Johanna Walter.