ERIC Number: ED459346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999
Reference Count: 0
The Supply of Information Technology Workers in the United States.
Freeman, Peter; Aspray, William
This study is designed to improve understanding of the supply of and demand for information technology (IT) workers in America and contextual issues surrounding that topic. Chapter 1 examines aspects of the political context concerning IT workforce issues. Chapter 2 outlines a way to distinguish IT workers from a much larger class of workers whose jobs are enabled by IT and classifies them into four categories--conceptualizers, developers, modifiers/extenders, and supporters/tenders--based on skills and knowledge required to do the job. Chapter 3 addresses dynamics of the marketplace and dangers of government intervention in the IT labor market, limitations on action to improve a supply-demand mismatch, costs of an IT worker shortage, and international considerations. Chapter 4 evaluates whether there is a shortage of IT workers and determines that data are inadequate to ascertain a national supply-demand mismatch. Chapter 5 describes an extensive supply system, including majors in 20 IT-related disciplines at the associate, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree levels and majors in science, engineering, business, and non-technical disciplines. Chapter 6 looks at non-degree programs as a supply system. Chapter 7 focuses on underrepresentation of women, minorities, and older workers in the IT workforce. Chapter 8 focuses on seed-corn issues, whether the strong industrial demand for IT workers is harming the educational system. Chapter 9 discusses data sources and their limitations. Chapter 10 offers recommendations for federal and state governments, higher education, industry, professional societies, and individuals. (YLB)
Descriptors: Classification, Computer Science Education, Data Analysis, Demand Occupations, Education Work Relationship, Females, Government Role, Higher Education, Information Technology, Labor Force Development, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Labor Supply, Minority Groups, Older Adults, School Business Relationship, Secondary Education, Supply and Demand, Technical Occupations, Technology Education
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Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: Computing Research Association.
Note: Also supported by the Intersociety Working Group on Information Technology Workers.