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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED458025
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 414
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-19-513012-X
Infancy to Early Childhood: Genetic and Environmental Influences on Developmental Change.
Emde, Robert N., Ed.; Hewitt, John K., Ed.
This book analyzes the MacArthur Longitudinal Twin Study, a collaborative study by leading developmental scientists and behavioral geneticists on the transition from infancy to early childhood. Part 1 of the book describes the twin method and procedures used and introduces the analytic strategies. Parts 2 through 4 present results related to temperament, emotion, and cognition, respectively. Part 5 deals with environmental contributions and cross-domain integrations. Part 6 reviews major themes and conclusions. The chapters are: (1) "The Dynamics of Development in a Unique Multidisciplinary Collaboration" (Emde); (2) "The Twin Method: What We Can Learn from a Longitudinal Study" (Hewitt, Emde, and Plomin); (3) "The Conduct of the Study: Sample and Procedures" (Robinson, McGrath, and Corley); (4) "The Structure of Temperament" (Kagan); (5) "Extremes Analyses of Observed Temperament Dimensions" (Manke, Saudino, and Grant); (6) "Parental Ratings of Temperament in Twins" (Saudino and Cherny); (7) "Sources of Continuity and Change in Observed Temperament" (Saudino and Cherny); (8) "Behavioral Inhibition and Related Temperaments" (Kagan and Saudino); (9) "Emotional Development in the Twin Study" (Robinson and Emde); (10) "Reactions to Restraint and Anger-Related Expressions during the Second Year" (Emde and others); (11) "Empathy and Prosocial Patterns in Young MZ and DZ Twins: Development and Genetic and Environmental Influences" (Zahn-Waxler and others); (12) "Dispositional Cheerfulness: Early Genetic and Environmental Influences" (Robinson, Emde, and Corley); (13)"Cognitive Development, Cognitive Abilities, and Modularity" (Fulker and Plomin); (14) "Experimental Assessment of Specific Cognitive Abilities during the Second Year of Life" (Wilson and others); (15) "Continuity and Change in General Cognitive Ability from 14 to 36 Months" (Cherny and others); (16) "Language and Cognition" (Young and others); (17) "Context and Specificity of Individual Differences and Their Origins" (Emde); (18) "Mothers' Perceptions of Differential Treatment of Infant Twins" (McGuire and Roch-Levecq); (19) "Relationship Context as a Moderator of Sources of Individual Differences in Empathic Development" (Robinson, Zahn-Waxler, and Emde); (20) "The Development of Observed Shyness from 14 to 20 Months: Shyness in Context" (Cherny and others); (21) "Perinatal Effects on General Cognitive Ability, Weight, Height and Temperament" (Martin and Hershberger); (22) "Height, Weight, and Body Mass Index" (Chambers and others); (23) "Temperament, Mental Development, and Language in the Transition from Infancy to Early Childhood" (Kubicek, Emde, and Schmitz); (24) "Early Predictors of Problem Behavior at Age Four" (Schmitz and others); and (25) "An Experiment in Collaborative Science" (Plomin and others). Each chapter contains references. (KB)
Oxford University Press, 2001 Evans Road, Cary, NC 27513 ($49.95). Tel: 800-451-7556 (Toll Free); Tel: 919-677-0977; Fax: 919-677-1303; Web site:
Publication Type: Books; Collected Works - General; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A
Note: Section editors were Jerome Kagan, JoAnn L. Robins