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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED439886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Substitute Teachers and Students with Learning Disabilities: Problems in Rural Areas.
Johnson, Leslie M.
The lives of students with special needs are often chaotic, and they have difficulty with organization. The unfamiliar experience of a new substitute teacher can spring chaos into their lives. It is important to teach students, particularly those with special learning needs, techniques for coping with the unavoidable changes that occur when a substitute is present. It is also important to prepare substitutes to meet the needs of these students. The perception by students, parents, administrators, and colleagues that substitutes are less than full professionals hinders their effectiveness. Substitute teachers take up 5-10 percent of a student's time in school; therefore, actions should be taken to make substitutes more effective. Areas of concern include substitutes' behavior management skills, substitutes' instructional skills and content knowledge, district policy on substitute assignment, emergency procedures, a substitute handbook, and training incentives. Recommendations for structuring good substitute programs include: (1) improving collaboration between the substitute teacher and the school district; (2) evaluating and providing feedback to substitutes; (3) improving recruitment procedures; (4) developing and providing a substitute teacher's handbook on school rules and policies; (5) clarifying the substitute's role and making expectations clear; (6) providing specific inservice training on classroom management; (7) improving the lesson plans that substitutes receive; and (8) appointing a district substitute coordinator. (Contains 10 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Behavior Management
Note: In: Capitalizing on Leadership in Rural Special Ed