ERIC Number: ED439886
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2000-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Substitute Teachers and Students with Learning Disabilities: Problems in Rural Areas.
Johnson, Leslie M.
The lives of students with special needs are often chaotic, and they have difficulty with organization. The unfamiliar experience of a new substitute teacher can spring chaos into their lives. It is important to teach students, particularly those with special learning needs, techniques for coping with the unavoidable changes that occur when a substitute is present. It is also important to prepare substitutes to meet the needs of these students. The perception by students, parents, administrators, and colleagues that substitutes are less than full professionals hinders their effectiveness. Substitute teachers take up 5-10 percent of a student's time in school; therefore, actions should be taken to make substitutes more effective. Areas of concern include substitutes' behavior management skills, substitutes' instructional skills and content knowledge, district policy on substitute assignment, emergency procedures, a substitute handbook, and training incentives. Recommendations for structuring good substitute programs include: (1) improving collaboration between the substitute teacher and the school district; (2) evaluating and providing feedback to substitutes; (3) improving recruitment procedures; (4) developing and providing a substitute teacher's handbook on school rules and policies; (5) clarifying the substitute's role and making expectations clear; (6) providing specific inservice training on classroom management; (7) improving the lesson plans that substitutes receive; and (8) appointing a district substitute coordinator. (Contains 10 references.) (TD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Behavior Management
Note: In: Capitalizing on Leadership in Rural Special Education: Making a Difference for Children and Families. Conference Proceedings (Alexandria, VA, March 16-18, 2000); see RC 022 337.