ERIC Number: ED439342
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997-May
Reference Count: N/A
Treating Stress across Cultures: A Somatic-Cognitive Model.
Lippincott, Joseph A.
Acculturative stress or culture shock is a stress response that often occurs as individuals, especially students, travel and live in other countries. This paper describes a practical treatment model designed to help reduce the effects of this reaction. It states that the model is a comprehensive, integrative stress management treatment protocol that crosses cultural lines to address both somatic and cognitive responses. It is a short-term approach that can be employed in about six sessions. The major focus is on the therapeutic relationship with the client, the vehicle through which change is made possible. The key to effective treatment is the development of a trusting relationship between the counselor and client. It describes treatment of somatization as a tripartite process. The initial stage includes an in-depth assessment of physical signs/symptoms. The next stage involves a specific treatment for somatic anxiety in an attempt to achieve a relaxation response. The final stage involves a review of the previous sessions and the opportunity for the client to ask questions and receive feedback. The cognitive interventions are an adjunct to treatment. The paper argues that it is very important to explore the interplay of the client's thoughts, beliefs, and expectations with subsequent feelings and behaviors. This can be accomplished by a cognitive restructuring approach that examines the automaticity of certain thoughts. (Contains 13 references.) (JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Treatment Interaction Analysis
Note: In: Caring in an Age of Technology. Proceedings of the International Conference on Counseling in the 21st Century (6th, Beijing, China, May 29-30, 1997); see CG 029 879.