ERIC Number: ED423590
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Barriers to Career Mobility/Advancement by African-American and Caucasian Female Administrators in Minnesota Organizations: A Perception or Reality?
Coleman, Jo Evans
The primary purpose of this research was to identify perceived barriers affecting African-American and Caucasian female administrators' career mobility/advancement in education, business/industry, and government in Minnesota. The study explored women's perceptions of the effects that race/gender discrimination and gender underrepresentation have had in administrative positions, highlighting individual, group, and organizational barriers to advancement. A selected sample of 49 female administrators (10 African-Americans and 39 Caucasians) responded to two questionnaires: Survey of Minnesota Employees and Administrator's Barrier-Strategy Inventory. The most frequently identified barriers for African-American respondents were racial discrimination (88 percent), no opportunity for upward mobility (75 percent), exclusion from the old boys' network (71 percent), and negative attitude toward women in administration (71 percent). Caucasian respondents listed exclusion from the old boys' network (79 percent), employers' negative attitude toward women (55 percent), lack of professional networking (52 percent), and negative attitude toward women in administration (48 percent). Female administrators agreed in all barrier subscales, except for type of discrimination and support barriers. The glass ceiling is very real for both groups. Included are several tables. (Contains 45 references.) (MLH)
Descriptors: Blacks, Educational Administration, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Government (Administrative Body), Higher Education, Industry, Promotion (Occupational), Racial Discrimination, Sex Discrimination, Sex Stereotypes, Socialization, Whites, Women Administrators
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: African Americans; Glass Ceiling; Minnesota
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998).