ERIC Number: ED418850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Scientific Culture and School Culture: Epistemic and Procedural Components.
Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria Pilar; Diaz de Bustamante, Joaquin; Duschl, Richard A.
This paper discusses the elaboration and application of "scientific culture" categories to the analysis of students' discourse while solving problems in inquiry contexts. Scientific culture means the particular domain culture of science, the culture of science practitioners. The categories proposed include both epistemic operations and procedural and technical operations for work with the microscope. Data are drawn from case studies in the context of a project on students' reasoning and argumentation in high school and at university. The methodology involved observation, videotaping, and audiotaping of students while working in groups to solve biology and physics problems. The issues discussed include the appeal to consistency, the use of comparison, and the construction of data from empirical sources across different disciplinary contexts. The degree of subject-matter dependence of these operations is discussed. Results indicate that students do use epistemic and procedural operations in a way related to scientific culture. Contains 20 references. (Author/PVD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Culture of Science
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (71st, San Diego, CA, April 19-22, 1998).