ERIC Number: ED418821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
From Indians to Chicanos: The Dynamics of Mexican-American Culture. Second Edition.
Vigil, James Diego
With large-scale immigration in the last 20 years and a high birth rate, Chicanos now comprise the second-largest minority in the United States. This ethnohistorical account attempts to unravel the multiple heritages and influences shaping Chicanos from pre-Columbian Mexico to present-day United States. The book focuses on questions of land, labor, and wealth, especially as they involved struggles with Europeans and their descendants that transformed indigenous peoples into peasants. As people's relationship to the land changed and control over their labor shifted, the peasants were further displaced and became migrants and immigrants. A model of sociocultural change that focuses on class, culture, color, contact, conflict, and change is used as a framework to understand the structure and evolutionary transformation of the social order in each of four stages: the pre-Columbian period (30,000 B.C. to 1519 A.D.), the Spanish colonial era (1521-1821), Mexican independence and nationalism (1821-1846), and the Anglo-American period (1846-1960s). Religious, political, economic, and educational influences on the social order are also discussed. The conclusion reflects on the legacies of the past and their implications for the future of the unique multicultural Chicano identity. Contains references, photographs, illustrations, maps, and an index. (SV)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian History, Cultural Exchange, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Hispanic American Culture, Mexican American Education, Mexican American History, Mexican Americans, Mexicans, Social Change, Social Structure, Sociocultural Patterns
Waveland Press, Inc., P.O. Box 400, Prospect Heights, IL 60070 ($17.95).
Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chicano Studies; Chicanos; Cultural Change; Ethnohistory; Mexican History; Mexico; United States (Southwest)