ERIC Number: ED418816
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998
Reference Count: N/A
America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 1998.
Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, Washington, DC.
This report presents nationwide data on the well-being of U.S. children. The statistical report is based on indicators of child well-being such as family income and mortality rates. The first part of the report, "Population and Family Characteristics," presents data that illustrate the changes that have taken place during the past few decades in six key demographic measures including children as a proportion of the U.S. population, family structure, and difficulty speaking English. The second part of the report, "Indicators of Children's Well-Being," presents data on 26 key indicators in the following areas: (1) "Economic Security," including family income, secure parental employment, housing, and access to health care; (2) "Health," including activity limitation, infant and child mortality rates, and immunization rates; (3) "Behavior and Social Environment," including substance abuse, and youth victims and perpetrators of serious violent crimes; (4) "Education," including family reading to young children, and youths neither enrolled in school nor working; and (5) "Special Features," which covers blood lead levels, and child care. For each background measure in the report's first section and for each indicator in the second section, three types of information are presented: a short statement about why the measure or indicator is important to understanding the condition of children, figures showing important facts about trends or population groups for each indicator, and highlights with information on current status, recent trends, and important differences by population groups noted. Two appendices contain detailed tables of data and data source descriptions. The report notes that several indicators show an improving picture of the well-being of most children, but those living below the poverty line continue to compare unfavorably with those above the poverty line, and there is also disparity in well-being for different race and ethnic groups. Death rates among adolescents and birth rates among adolescent females have declined; there has also been a decline in the rates for which youths 12 to 17 were either victimized by serious violent crime or perpetrated violent crime; substance abuse, however, has increased. (HTH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Births to Single Women, Child Abuse, Child Health, Child Neglect, Children, Chronic Illness, Early Childhood Education, Employed Parents, Family Characteristics, Family Literacy, Health Insurance, Housing Needs, Infant Mortality, Lead Poisoning, Limited English Speaking, Mortality Rate, National Surveys, Out of School Youth, Poverty, Prenatal Care, Preschool Education, Social Indicators, Socioeconomic Status, Substance Abuse, Victims of Crime, Violence, Well Being
National Maternal Child Health Clearinghouse, 2070 Chain Bridge Road, Suite 450, Vienna, VA 22182; phone: 703-356-1964; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (single copies available while supplies last). World Wide Web: http://childstats.gov; U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Indicators; United States; Vaccination