ERIC Number: ED418436
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Investigation of Writing Strategies Used by High Ability Seventh Graders Responding to a State-Mandated Explanatory Writing Assessment Task. Draft.
Lynch, William Mark
A case study investigated the writing strategies use by high ability seventh graders (n=4) responding to explanatory tasks from the Maryland Writing Test (MWT), a state-mandated writing assessment. Central questions were: (1) what are the writing strategies elicited by the MWT?; (2) what evidence is revealed of participants' self-monitoring strategies?; and (3) what is revealed about the origins of participants' writing strategy knowledge? Another goal was to test the efficacy of utilizing the case study approach in a construct validity writing assessment study. Data included think-aloud protocols, observer notes, interviews with participants and their language arts teachers, and participants' written responses. Findings included: (1) participants spent more time in drafting and revising than on prewriting; (2) although participants clearly exhibited individual differences, the MWT elicited more translating and reviewing actions than planning actions from all participants; (3) most participants' planning actions were content related; (4) rereading of text and reviewing for word and sentence concerns made up the largest part of reviewing actions; (5) actions categorized as self-monitoring were low for all participants, but the highest and lowest scoring participants had the highest proportions; (6) data revealed instructional emphasis on a multi-stage writing process, content planning strategies, and other elements of current writing instruction and influences on motivation, content planning, and reviewing; and (7) participants identified teachers, parents, peers, books, and media as contributing to writing knowledge. Data support the MWT's validity in eliciting responses which represent a construct of writing representing the recursive, hierarchical, and complex nature of composing. (Contains 66 references, four data tables, and six appendixes containing prompts, writing actions codes, and additional data.) (Author/NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Maryland Writing Test; Self Monitoring
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Diego, CA, April 13-17, 1998).