ERIC Number: ED418382
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1998-May
Reference Count: 0
Comparison of Video and Text Narrative Presentations on Comprehension and Vocabulary Acquisition.
Podszebka, Darcy; Conklin, Candee; Apple, Mary; Windus, Amy
A study investigated the effect of video and narrative presentations on children's comprehension and vocabulary acquisition. Participants were students in four heterogeneously grouped eighth-grade English classes (n=16, 22, 21, and 11) in a rural school district in southwestern New York. The short story selected was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's "The Red-Headed League." It was chosen for its difficulty level--the text is at the instructional level of most of the students involved. Each class received a different mode of instruction: one class read the story to themselves; another class viewed a video rendition of the story; another class saw the same video but had captions included on the screen; the final class both read the text version to themselves during class and then viewed the video the following class period. A pretest (a matching test) and a posttest (the same matching test with answers in a different order, a series of multiple choice questions to measure comprehension and recall, and a short-answer evaluation question to measure critical thinking) were given. Significant findings are that students who read the text had greater vocabulary acquisition, while students who viewed the video showed a greater comprehension of the story. It appears that video watching has a positive effect on comprehension, and vocabulary acquisition seems to be positively affected when coupled with text. Closed captioning is a recent positive addition to teaching reading through television and video. (Contains two figures; 14 references; and sample pretest and posttests.) (NKA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Narrative Text; New York; Presentation Mode; Story Comprehension
Note: Paper presented at the SUNY-Geneseo Annual Reading and Literacy Symposium (Geneseo, NY, May 1998).