ERIC Number: ED418350
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Aug-9
Reference Count: N/A
Parenting Style and Family Type Revisited: Longitudinal Relationship to Older Adolescent Behavioral Outcome.
Slicker, Ellen K.; Kim, Jwa K.
Nearly 30 years ago, research showed that preschool children reared by parents with differing parenting attitudes or styles, differed in their degrees of social competence. To test this theory, a two-year study was conducted. During "Year 1," 2,250 high school seniors and 406 university freshmen from the middle South were surveyed regarding their perceptions of their parents' parenting style, their families' family type, and their own participation in a variety of problem behaviors. Significant results at "Year 1" indicated that, in regard to behavioral outcome, "authoritative" parenting was superior to "indulgent" and "neglectful" parenting, and that "balanced" and "moderately balanced" family types were superior to "mid-range" and "extreme" family types. In "Year 2" (N=261), significant differences among parenting styles and family types persisted even when "Year 2" scores were statistically adjusted for those from "Year 1." Although many participants had left the direct influence of their families, authoritative parenting continued to be superior to "neglectful,""indulgent,""authoritarian," or "middle range" parenting. Also the "balanced" family type continued to demonstrate superiority over the "extreme" type in providing resiliency against some problem behaviors. The results expand the growing literature regarding the continuing influence of home environment on older adolescent behavioral outcome. Summary tables showing covariate analyses are included. (EMK)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Family Adaptability Cohesion Evaluation Scales
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (104th, Toronto, Canada, August 9-13, 1996).