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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED411668
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
English Learning: An Analysis of Chinese Students' Problems in Pronunciation.
Ma, Lin
A study investigated to what extent adult native speakers of Mandarin Chinese learning English as a second language could pronounce the five front vowels of American English, how difficult this was, and which vowels were most difficult. Subjects were 16 Chinese university students and spouses and 16 American students. All subjects were recorded producing five words ("beat, bit, bait, bet, bat") in the sentence "I say------now." Production was digitized and the frequencies analyzed using a sound spectrograph. Results are presented separately for male and female subjects. They indicate that Chinese speakers were successful in producing native- or near-native-like frequencies for several phonemes and a diphthong. In the case of two phonemes, there was little difference between Chinese and native productions. Some conclusions were: among the five American English front vowels, /ey/ and /ae/ are the easiest ones for adult Mandarin Chinese speakers to pronounce; and /iy/ lies in the middle of the scale of difficulty. Contains 59 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Chinese People