ERIC Number: ED407619
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
The Roots of Leadership.
Summers, Patricia Pratt
The capabilities essential for individual performance and productivity at high levels are major concerns of society. Since human competence can be studied at many levels, the research presented here addresses a higher level of competence (i.e., leadership) and its relationship to early socialization patterns. It was hypothesized that early life experiences either enhance or diminish leadership capacities. To illuminate a possible parent-leader linkage, 447 entering and exiting male and female college students were surveyed to test whether or not a relationship existed between earlier life experiences with parents and adult capacities for leadership. The collected parenting dimension scores and leader trait scores were analyzed to determine their interrelationships. Results show that the greatest magnitude of variance in the dependent variable of leadership was attributable to mother and father acceptance. It is supposed that abundant parental acceptance with limited firm discipline enhances the child's potential capacities for leadership in adulthood. Psychological control tended to diminish leadership capacities. Parental acceptance seems to constitute an ongoing repertoire between parent and children, which includes standards for behavior, activities, responsibility, and performance; and assertiveness without intrusiveness. Implications for this research are discussed. Contains 81 references. (RJM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (104th, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 9-13, 1996).